II. Practical Virtues
of Christian Perfection
A. Enduring Trials by Faith
2 Count it all ajoy, my bbrothers, whenever you fall into various 1ctrials,
3 Knowing that the aproving of your 1faith works out bendurance.
4 And let aendurance have its perfect work that you may be 1bperfect and entire, lacking in nothing.
5 But if any one of you lacks 1awisdom, let him 2bask of God, who gives to all 3liberally and does 4not reproach, and it will be given to him.
6 But let him ask in afaith, 1bdoubting nothing, for he who 1doubts is like the surge of the csea, driven by the dwind and tossed about.
7 For that man must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord;
8 He is a 1adouble-souled man, unstable in all his ways.
9 And let the lowly brother 1boast in his 2aexaltation,
10 And the 1rich in his being brought low, because like a aflower of the grass he will bpass away.
11 For the 1sun rises with its 2scorching heat and withers the agrass, and its flower falls off, and the bbeauty of its appearance is destroyed; so also the 3crich man will fade away in his pursuits.
12 aBlessed is the man who endures 1trial, because when he has become 2approved by testing, he will receive the 3bcrown of 4life, which He cpromised to those who 5dlove Him.
B. Resisting Temptation as God-born Ones
13 Let no one say when he is 1atempted, I am tempted 2of God; for God 3cannot be tempted of evil, and He Himself 4tempts no one.
14 But each one is tempted when he is drawn away and enticed by his own alusts;
15 Then the lust, having conceived, 1gives birth to sin; and the sin, when it is fully grown, brings forth adeath.
16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers.
17 All good 1giving and every perfect 1agift is from babove, coming down from the 2Father of lights, with whom is no 3cvariation or shadow cast by turning.
18 He 1abrought us forth by the 2word of btruth, 3purposing that we might be a kind of 4cfirstfruits of His creatures.
C. Living a God-fearing Life
by the Implanted Word according to
the Perfect Law of Freedom
19 1You know this, my beloved brothers; but let every man be quick to hear, 2slow to aspeak, slow to bwrath;
20 For the 1wrath of man does not accomplish the righteousness of God.
21 Therefore aputting away all bfilthiness and the abundance of malice, receive in cmeekness the 1implanted dword, which is able to 2save your souls.
22 And become adoers of the word and not bhearers only, who cdelude themselves.
23 Because if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a adoer, this one is like a man considering in a bmirror the face he was born with;
24 For he considers himself and goes away, and immediately forgets what kind of person he is.
25 But he who 1looks into the 2perfect law, the alaw of bfreedom, and continues in it, becoming not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work, this one will be cblessed in his doing.
26 If anyone thinks himself to be 1religious and yet does 2not bridle his atongue but bdeceives his heart, this one's 1religion is vain.
27 This is pure and undefiled religion before our God and Father: to visit 1aorphans and widows in their affliction and to keep oneself 2unspotted from the 3world.
D. Having No Respect of Persons
among the Brothers
1 My abrothers, do not hold the 1bfaith of our Lord Jesus Christ 2of cglory with drespect of persons.
2 For if there comes into your 1synagogue a man with agold rings in splendid clothing, and there also comes in a bpoor man in filthy clothing,
3 And you look upon the one wearing the splendid clothing and say, You sit here in a good place, and to the poor man you say, You stand there, or sit under my footstool;
4 Have you not made 1adistinctions 2among yourselves and become judges with evil reasonings?
5 Listen, my beloved brothers: Did not God achoose the poor 1in the world to be brich in faith and heirs of the 2ckingdom, which He dpromised to those who 3elove Him?
6 But you have adishonored the poor. Is it not the brich who oppress you and is it not they who cdrag you to the 1courts?
7 Is it not they who blaspheme the 1honorable aname 2by which you are called?
8 If indeed you are fulfilling the 1royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall 2alove your neighbor as yourself,'' you do well;
9 But if you arespect persons, you 1commit sin, being convicted by the law as transgressors.
10 For whoever 1keeps the whole alaw yet stumbles in bone point has become guilty of all.
11 For He who said, Do not commit aadultery, also said, Do not murder. Now if you do not commit adultery, but you murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.
12 1So speak and so do as those who are to be ajudged by the 2blaw of freedom.
13 For the judgment is without amercy to him who has shown no mercy; mercy 1triumphs over judgment.
E. Being Justified by Works
in Relations with the Believers
14 What is the profit, my brothers, if anyone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith 1save him?
15 If a brother or sister 1is awithout clothing and lacks daily food,
16 And any one of you says to them, 1Go in peace, be warmed and filled, yet you do anot give them the 2necessities of the body, what is the profit?
17 So also 1faith, if it does not have works, is adead 2in itself.
18 But someone will say, You have faith, and I have works; show me your faith without the works, and I will show you my faith by my aworks.
19 You believe that God is aone. You do well; the bdemons also believe and shudder.
20 But are you willing to know, O vain man, that faith without its works is 1useless?
21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works in that he offered up aIsaac his son upon the altar?
22 You see that afaith worked together with his works, and by these works faith was perfected.
23 And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "And Abraham abelieved God, and it was baccounted to him as righteousness''; and he was called the cfriend of God.
24 You see that a man is 1justified by aworks and not by bfaith only.
25 And in like manner was not also aRahab the harlot justified by works in that she received the messengers and 1sent them out by a different way?
26 For just as the body without the 1spirit is dead, so also faith without works is adead.
F. Bridling the Tongue
1 Do not become many 1ateachers, my bbrothers, knowing that we will receive greater 2cjudgment.
2 For in many things we all stumble. If anyone does not stumble in aword, this one is a bperfect man, able to cbridle the whole body as well.
3 Now if we put abridles into the mouths of horses that they would obey us, we direct their whole body as well.
4 Behold, the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by rough winds, are directed by a very small rudder wherever the impulse of the pilot wills.
5 So also the atongue is a little member yet boasts great things. Behold, how great a forest so little a 1fire ignites!
6 And the tongue is a 1afire; the very world of unrighteousness, the tongue is set among our members as that which bcontaminates the whole body and sets on fire the 2course of life and is set on fire by 3Gehenna.
7 For every nature, both of beasts and of birds, both of reptiles and of creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human 1nature;
8 But the tongue no one among men is able to tame; it is a 1restless evil, full of deadly apoison.
9 With it we bless the Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made according to the alikeness of God.
10 Out of the same mouth come forth blessing and cursing. These things, my brothers, ought not to be so.
11 Does the spring, out of the same 1opening, gush forth the sweet and the bitter?
12 Can a fig tree, my brothers, produce olives? Or a vine, afigs? Neither can 1salt water produce sweet.
G. Behaving in Wisdom
13 Who is awise and understanding among you? Let him show 1by his bgood manner of life his 2cworks in 3dmeekness of ewisdom.
14 But if you have bitter ajealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not boast and lie against the btruth.
15 1This wisdom is not that which descends from aabove, but is 2earthly, bsoulish, cdemonic.
16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition are, there adisorder and every worthless practice are.
17 But the 1awisdom from above is first bpure, then cpeaceable, 2forbearing, 3compliant, full of dmercy and good efruit, fimpartial, gwithout hypocrisy.
18 And the 1afruit of righteousness is bsown in cpeace 2by those who dmake peace.
H. Dealing with Pleasures,
the World, and the Devil
1 Where do wars and fightings among you come from? Are they not from this, from your 1apleasures that bwar in your members?
2 You 1alust and do not have; you bmurder and are cjealous and are not able to obtain; you fight and make war. You do not have because you do not ask;
3 You aask and do not receive because you ask evilly that you may spend it on your bpleasures.
4 1aAdulteresses, do you not know that the 2friendship of the 3bworld is enmity with God? Therefore whoever determines to be a cfriend of the world is constituted an 4enemy of God.
5 Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain: "The 1Spirit, whom He has caused to 2adwell in us, longs to envy''?
6 But He gives agreater grace; therefore 1it says, 2"God resists the 3bproud but gives grace to the chumble.''
7 1Be subject therefore to God; but 2awithstand the 3bdevil, and he will flee from you.
8 aDraw near to God, and He will bdraw near to you. cCleanse your hands, sinners, and dpurify your hearts, you 1double-souled!
9 1Endure amisery and bmourn and cweep. Let your laughter be turned into mourning, and your joy into dejection.
10 1Be ahumbled before the Lord, and He will bexalt you.
I. Not Speaking against the Brothers
11 Do not speak against aone another, brothers. He who speaks against a brother or bjudges his brother speaks against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a 1cdoer of the law but a judge.
12 One is aLawgiver and bJudge, who is able to save and cdestroy. But who are you who djudge your neighbor?
J. Confiding Not in Self-will
but in the Lord
13 Come now, you who say, Today or tomorrow we 1will go into this or that city and spend a year there and do business and make a profit;
14 Whereas you do not know the matter of atomorrow, what your blife will be; for you are a 1cvapor, which appears for a little while and then disappears.
15 Instead you ought to say, If the Lord awills, we will both live and do this or that.
16 But now you aboast in your 1arrogance; all such boasting is evil.
17 1Therefore to him who aknows to do good and does not do it, to him it is bsin.
(Warning to the Rich
1 Come now, you 1arich, bweep, chowling over your miseries, which are coming upon you!
2 Your ariches have rotted and your garments have become bmoth-eaten;
3 Your gold and your silver have arusted, and their rust will be a testimony against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have stored up btreasure in the last days.
4 Behold, the awages of the workmen who mowed your fields, which have been withheld by you, cry out; and the 1cries of those who reaped have entered into the ears of the 2Lord of hosts.
5 You have lived aluxuriously on the earth and have bgiven yourselves to pleasure; you have 1nourished your hearts in a day of slaughter.
6 You condemned, you murdered the 1righteous; he does not aresist you.
K. Awaiting the Lord's Coming
7 Therefore be 1long-suffering, abrothers, until the 2bcoming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer eagerly cawaits the precious fruit of the earth, exercising long-suffering over it until it receives the early and late drain.
8 You also be 1long-suffering; aestablish your hearts because the 2bcoming of the Lord has drawn cnear.
9 Do not 1complain, brothers, against aone another lest you be bjudged. Behold, the 2cJudge stands before the ddoors.
10 As an example, brothers, of 1suffering evil and of 2long-suffering, take the aprophets, who spoke 3in the bname of the Lord.
11 Behold, we call those who 1endured ablessed. You have heard of the endurance of bJob, and you have seen his cend from the Lord, that the Lord is very tenderhearted and dcompassionate.
L. Speaking Honestly without Swearing
12 But 1above all things, my brothers, do 2not swear, neither by heaven nor by earth nor with any other oath; but let your 3yes be yes, and your no, no, 4lest you fall under ajudgment.
M. Healthy Practices in the Church Life
13 Does anyone among you suffer evil? Let him 1pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him 2asing praise.
14 Is anyone among you 1ill? Let him 2call for the aelders of the bchurch, and let them pray over him, 3canointing him with oil 4in the dname of the Lord.