D. Christ's New Covenant
Superior to the Old
1. A Better Covenant of Better Promises
with a More Excellent Ministry
1 Now in the things which are being said the chief point is this: We have such a aHigh Priest, who sat down on the bright hand of the cthrone of the dMajesty in the 1heavens,
2 A 1aMinister of the 2bholy places, even of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man.
3 For every high priest is established for the aoffering of both 1gifts and sacrifices; hence it is necessary that this One also have something which He may boffer.
4 Now then if He were on earth, He would not be a Priest at all, there being those who offer the gifts according to the law,
5 Who serve the 1aexample and bshadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to complete the tabernacle; for, c"See,'' He said, "that you make all things according to the pattern that was shown to you in the mountain.''
6 But now He has obtained a more excellent 1ministry inasmuch as He is also the 2aMediator of a 3bbetter ccovenant, which has been 4enacted upon 5better dpromises.
7 For if that 1afirst covenant had been faultless, no 2place would have been bsought for a 1second.
8 For finding fault with them He says, a"Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, and I will consummate a bnew covenant upon the house of Israel and upon the house of Judah,
9 Not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by their hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord.
10 For athis is the covenant which I will covenant with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will impart My 1laws into their 2mind, and on their hearts I will 3inscribe them; and 4I will be God to them, and 5they will be a people to Me.
11 And they shall by no means each ateach his fellow citizen and each his brother, saying, 1Know the Lord; for all will 1know Me from the little one to the great one among them.
12 For aI will be 1propitious to their unrighteousnesses, and their sins I shall by no means remember anymore.''
13 In saying, A anew covenant, He has made the 1first old. But that which is becoming old and growing decrepit is near to bdisappearing.
2. Better Sacrifices and Better Blood
with the Greater and More Perfect Tabernacle
1 Now then the afirst covenant also had bordinances of service, and its 1csanctuary was of dthis world.
2 For a atabernacle was prepared, the first, in which were the blampstand and the ctable and the dloaves that were set forth, which is called the eHoly Place;
3 And after the second aveil, a btabernacle, which is called the cHoly of Holies,
4 1Having a agolden 2altar and the bark of the covenant covered about everywhere with gold, in which were the golden 3cpot that had the manna and Aaron's drod that budded and the etablets of the covenant,
5 And above it acherubim of glory overshadowing the 1bpropitiation place, concerning which it is not now the time to speak in detail.
6 Now these things having been thus prepared, ainto the bfirst tabernacle the priests enter ccontinually, accomplishing their worship;
7 But into the asecond, only the bhigh priest enters, conce a year and not without dblood, which he offers for ehimself and for the 1sins of ignorance of the fpeople,
8 The aHoly Spirit thus making this clear, that the 1bway of the cHoly of Holies has not yet been manifested while the dfirst tabernacle still has its standing,
9 Which is a 1afigure for the present time. According to this tabernacle both 2bgifts and sacrifices are offered, which are cunable to perfect, according to dconscience, him who worships,
10 Consisting only of afoods and drinks and various 1bwashings, being ordinances of the flesh, imposed until the time of 2setting things right.
11 But Christ, having come as a aHigh Priest of 1the bgood things that have come into being, through the greater and more perfect ctabernacle not dmade by hands, that is, not of ethis creation,
12 And not through the ablood of goats and calves but through His bown blood, centered donce for all into the eHoly of Holies, 1obtaining an feternal 2redemption.
13 For if the ablood of goats and bulls and the bashes of a heifer csprinkling those who are 1defiled sanctify to the purity of the flesh,
14 How much more will the 1ablood of Christ, who through the 2eternal Spirit boffered Himself cwithout blemish to God, purify our 3dconscience from 4edead works to fserve the 5gliving God?
15 And because of this He is the aMediator of a bnew covenant, so that, death having taken place for redemption of the 1transgressions under the cfirst covenant, those who have been dcalled might receive the 2promise of the 3eternal einheritance.
16 For where there is a 1testament, the death of him who made the testament must of necessity be established.
17 For a 1testament is confirmed 2in the case of the dead, since it never has force when he who made the testament is living.
18 Hence neither was the afirst covenant 1initiated without bblood;
19 For when every commandment according to the law had been spoken by Moses to all the people, he atook the blood of the calves and the goats, with water and bscarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the scroll of the covenant itself and all the people,
20 Saying, "This is the blood of the covenant which God has commanded to you.''
21 And both the atabernacle and all the vessels of the service he sprinkled in like manner with the blood.
22 And almost all things are purified by blood according to the law, and 1without shedding of ablood there is no forgiveness.
23 It was necessary therefore for the aexamples of the things in the heavens to be purified by these, but the 1heavenly things themselves, by 2bbetter sacrifices than these.
24 For Christ did not aenter into a 1holy place made by hands, a 2bfigure of the ctrue, but into dheaven itself, to appear now before the face of God for us;
25 Nor in order that He might offer Himself often, just as the ahigh priest enters into the bHoly of Holies year by year by the blood of other creatures;
26 Since then He would have had to suffer often asince the foundation of the world. But now bonce at the 1cconsummation of the ages He has been dmanifested for the eputting away of sin through the fsacrifice of Himself.
27 And inasmuch as it is 1reserved for men to adie 2once, and after this comes bjudgment,
28 So Christ also, having been offered aonce to bbear the sins of many, will cappear a second time to those who deagerly await Him, 1apart from sin, unto 2esalvation.
1 For the law, having a ashadow of the bgood things to come, not the image itself of the things, can cnever by the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, dperfect those who draw near.
2 Otherwise would they not have aceased to be offered, because those worshipping, having once been purified, would have no longer had the bconsciousness of sins?
3 But in those sacrifices there is a bringing to mind of sins ayear by year;
4 For it is aimpossible for the bblood of bulls and goats to ctake away sins.
5 Therefore, coming into the world, He says, a"Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a bbody You have prepared for Me.
6 In aburnt offerings and bsacrifices for sin You did not delight.
7 Then I said, Behold, I have come a(in the 1roll of the book it is written concerning Me) to do Your 2bwill, O God.''
8 Saying above, "Sacrifices and offerings and burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You did not desire nor delight in'' (which are offered according to the law),
9 He then has said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will.'' He takes away the 1first that He may establish the 1second,
10 By which awill we have been bsanctified through the coffering of the dbody of Jesus Christ 1eonce for all.
11 And every priest 1stands daily, ministering and offering often the same sacrifices, which can anever bremove sins;
12 But this One, having aoffered one bsacrifice for sins, 1csat down 2forever on the right hand of God,
13 Henceforth waiting until His aenemies are made the footstool for His feet.
14 For by aone offering He has 1bperfected forever those who are being csanctified.
15 And the aHoly Spirit also testifies to us, for after having said,
16 a"This is the covenant which I will covenant with them after those days, says the Lord: I will impart My laws upon their hearts, and upon their mind I will inscribe them,''
17 He then says, "And atheir sins and their lawlessnesses I shall by no means remember anymore.''
18 Now where forgiveness of these is, there is ano longer an offering for sin.