II. The Superiority of Christ
A. Superior to the Angels
1. As the Son of God -- As God
4 Having become as much better than the angels as to have inherited a 1more distinguished name than they.
5 For to which of the angels has He ever said, a"You are My Son; 1this day have I begotten You''? And again, b"I will be a Father to Him, and He will be a Son to Me''?
6 And when He brings again the 1aFirstborn into the inhabited earth, He says, b"And let all the angels of God worship Him.''
7 And of the angels He says, a"Who makes His angels 1winds and His ministers a flame of fire'';
8 But of the Son, a"Your bthrone, 1O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your ckingdom.
9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, 1Your God, has aanointed You with the oil of exultant joy above Your 2bpartners'';
10 And, a"You in the beginning, 1Lord, laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands;
11 They will perish, but You remain perpetually; and they all will become aold like a bgarment,
12 And like a mantle You will roll them up; like a garment they will also be changed; but You are the asame, and Your years will not fail.''
13 But to which of the angels has He ever said, a"Sit at My right hand 1until I set Your enemies as a bfootstool for Your feet''?
14 Are they not all aministering spirits, sent forth for service for the sake of 1those who are to inherit salvation?
(The First Warning --
Give Heed to What Is Spoken
concerning the Son
1 1Therefore we ought to give heed more abundantly to the things which have been heard lest perhaps we 2drift away.
2 For if the word spoken through aangels proved firm and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense,
3 How shall we 1aescape if we have neglected so great a 2bsalvation, which, having had its beginning in being spoken by the Lord, has been confirmed to us by those who heard,
4 God bearing awitness with them both by signs and wonders and by various works of power and by 1distributions of the Holy Spirit according to His will?
2. As the Son of Man -- As Man
5 For it was not to angels that He subjected the coming 1inhabited earth, concerning which we speak.
6 But one has solemnly testified somewhere, saying, 1a"What is man, that You bring him to mind? Or the son of man, that You care for him?
7 You have made Him 1a little inferior to the angels; You have crowned Him with glory and honor and have set Him aover the works of Your hands;
8 You have asubjected all things under His feet.'' For in subjecting all things to Him, He left nothing unsubject to Him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to Him,
9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little 1inferior to the angels because of the suffering of adeath, bcrowned with 2cglory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death on behalf of 3deverything.
10 For it was fitting for 1Him, afor whom are all things and through whom are all things, in leading 2bmany sons into 3cglory, to make the 4dAuthor of their esalvation 5fperfect through sufferings.
11 For both 1He who asanctifies and those who are being bsanctified are all 2of One, for which cause He is not ashamed to call them cbrothers,
12 Saying, a"I will 1declare Your name to My brothers; in the midst of the 2church 3I will sing hymns of praise to You.''
13 And again, a"I will trust in Him.'' And again, b"Behold, I and the children whom God has given to Me.''
14 Since therefore the children have shared in ablood and flesh, He also Himself in like manner bpartook of the same, that through cdeath He might 1ddestroy him who has the might of edeath, that is, the fdevil,
15 And might 1release those who because of the fear of death through all their life were held in slavery.
16 For assuredly it is not to angels that He 1gives help, but He 1gives help to the seed of Abraham.
17 Hence He should have been 1made alike His brothers in all things that He might become a merciful and faithful 2bHigh Priest in the 3things cpertaining to God, to make 4dpropitiation for the sins of the people.
18 For being atempted in that which He Himself has suffered, He is able to help those who are being tempted.
B. Superior to Moses --
As an Apostle Worthy of More Glory and Honor
1 Therefore, 1holy brothers, 2apartakers of a 3heavenly bcalling, consider the 4cApostle and dHigh Priest of our confession, Jesus,
2 Who was faithful to Him who constituted Him, as also aMoses was in all His bhouse.
3 For He has been counted worthy of more 1aglory than Moses, by as much as He who 2bbuilt the house has more 1honor than 3the house.
4 For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.
5 And aMoses was faithful in all His house as a 1servant, for a 2testimony of the things to be spoken later;
6 But Christ was faithful as a Son over His house, whose 1ahouse we are if indeed we hold fast the boldness and the boast of bhope cfirm to the end.
(The Second Warning --
Do Not Come Short of the Promised Rest
7 1Therefore, even as the Holy aSpirit says, b"Today if you hear His voice,
8 Do not harden your hearts as in the provocation, in the day of trial in the wilderness,
9 Where your fathers atried Me by testing Me and saw My works for forty years.
10 Therefore I was adispleased with this bgeneration, and I said, They always 1go astray in their heart, and they have not known My 2ways;
11 As I swore in My wrath, 1aThey shall not enter into My rest!''
12 Beware, brothers, lest perhaps there be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief in 1falling away from the aliving God.
13 But aexhort one another each day, as long as it is called "today,'' lest any one of you be hardened by the bdeceitfulness of sin.
14 For we have become 1apartners of Christ, if indeed we hold fast the beginning of the assurance bfirm to the end,
15 While it is said, a"Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as in the provocation.''
16 For who aprovoked Him when they heard? Indeed was it bnot all who came out of Egypt by 1Moses?
17 And with whom was He adispleased for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose carcasses bfell in the wilderness?
18 And to whom did He swear that they should anot enter into His rest, except to the 1bdisobedient?
19 And we see that they were not able to enter in because of unbelief.
1 Let us fear therefore, lest, a promise being left of entering into His 1rest, any one of you may 2seem to have 3come short of it.
2 For indeed we have had the good news announced to us, even as they also; but the word heard did not profit them, 1not being mixed together with faith in those who heard.
3 For we who have believed enter into the rest, even as He has said, a"As I swore in My wrath, They shall not enter into My rest!'' although the works of creation were completed from the bfoundation of the world.
4 For He has spoken somewhere concerning the seventh day thus, a"And God rested on the seventh day from all His works.''
5 And in this place again, a"They shall not enter into My rest!''
6 Since therefore it remains that some should enter into it and those who formerly had the good news announced to them did not enter because of 1adisobedience,
7 He again designates a certain day, today, saying in David after so long a time, even as He has said before, a"Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts.''
8 For if 1Joshua had brought them into rest, He would not have spoken concerning 2another day after these things.
9 So then there remains a 1Sabbath rest for the people of God.
10 For he who has entered into His rest has himself also rested from his works, as aGod did from His own.
11 Let us therefore be diligent to enter into that rest lest anyone 1fall 2after the same example of 3adisobedience.
12 For the 1aword of God is bliving and operative and sharper than any two-edged csword, and piercing even to the dividing of 2dsoul and espirit and of joints and marrow, and able to discern the 3thoughts and intentions of the heart.
13 And there is no creature that is not manifest before Him, but all things are naked and laid bare to the eyes of Him to whom we are to give our account.
1. A High Priest
according to the Order of Melchisedec
14 Having therefore a 1great 2aHigh Priest who has 3passed through the bheavens, Jesus, the cSon of God, let us hold fast the 4dconfession.
15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot be touched with the feeling of our weaknesses, but One who has been atempted in all respects like us, yet bwithout sin.
16 Let us therefore acome forward with boldness to the 1throne of grace that we may receive 2bmercy and find cgrace for timely help.
1 For every high priest, being taken from among men, is aestablished on behalf of men in the things bpertaining to God that he may coffer both 1gifts and 1sacrifices for sins.
2 He is aable to exercise 1compassion toward the bignorant and cerring since he also is encompassed with dweakness;
3 And because of it, he ought, even as afor the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.
4 And ano one takes the honor upon himself, but only as he is called by God, just as bAaron also was.
5 So also Christ did not 1glorify Himself in becoming a aHigh Priest, but it was He who said to Him, b"You are My Son; this day have I 2begotten You'';
6 Even as also in another place He says, 1a"You are a Priest forever according to the 2border of Melchisedec.''
7 This One, in the days of His aflesh, having offered up both bpetitions and supplications with strong crying and tears to Him who was able to save Him 1out of death and having been heard because of His piety,
8 Even though He was a Son, learned 1aobedience from the things which He bsuffered.
9 And having been 1aperfected, He became to all those who obey Him the 2source of 3eternal bsalvation,
10 Being 1addressed by God as a aHigh Priest according to the border of Melchisedec;
(The Third Warning --
Be Brought On to Maturity
11 Concerning whom we have much to say that is also difficult to interpret since you have become dull of hearing.
12 For when because of the time you ought to be teachers, you have need again for someone to teach you what the 1rudiments of the abeginning of the 2oracles of God are and have become those who have need of 3bmilk and not of solid cfood.
13 For everyone who partakes of 1milk is inexperienced in the 1aword of righteousness, for he is an binfant;
14 But solid food is for the afull-grown, who because of practice have their 1faculties exercised for discriminating between both 2good and evil.
1 Therefore leaving the 1word of the 2abeginning of Christ, let us 3be brought on to 4bmaturity, not laying again a foundation of crepentance from ddead works and of efaith in God,
2 Of the teaching of 1abaptisms and of the blaying on of hands, of the cresurrection of the dead and of eternal djudgment.
3 And 1this we will do if God permits.
4 For it is 1impossible for those who have once been aenlightened and have tasted of the 2heavenly bgift and have become 3cpartakers of the Holy dSpirit
5 And have atasted the bgood 1word of God and the 2powers of the age cto come,
6 And yet have 1fallen away, to renew themselves again unto repentance, 2acrucifying again for themselves the Son of God and 2putting Him to open shame.
7 For the earth, which drinks the 1rain which often comes upon it and 2produces vegetation suitable to those for whose sake also it is cultivated, partakes of blessing from God.
8 But if it brings forth 1athorns and thistles, it is 2disapproved and 3near a curse, whose end is to be 4bburned.
9 But we are persuaded of better things concerning you, beloved, and 1things which belong to 2salvation, though we speak thus.
10 For God is not unrighteous, so as to forget your awork and the love which you have shown toward His bname in having 1cministered to the saints and in ministering still.
11 But we desire earnestly that each of you show the same diligence unto the full aassurance of our bhope cuntil the end,
12 That you may not be 1sluggish, but aimitators of those who through bfaith and long-suffering are cinheriting the promises.
13 For God, when He made the promise to Abraham, since He could swear by no one greater, aswore by Himself,
14 Saying, a"Surely blessing, I will bless you; and multiplying, I will multiply you.''
15 And thus when Abraham had patiently aendured, he obtained the bpromise.
16 For men swear by the greater, and for all disputes among them an oath is final for confirmation.
17 Therefore God, intending to show more abundantly to the aheirs of the promise the bunchangeableness of His counsel, interposed with an oath,
18 In order that by 1two unchangeable things, in which it was impossible for God to alie, we may have strong encouragement, we who have 2fled for 3refuge to lay hold of the bhope set before us,
19 Which we have as an 1anchor of the soul, both secure and firm and which 2enters within the veil,
20 Where the 1aForerunner, Jesus, has entered for us, having become forever a High Priest according to the border of Melchisedec.
2. A High Priest,
Perpetual, Great, Living,
and Able to Save to the Uttermost
1 1For this 2aMelchisedec, 2king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the bslaughter of the kings and blessed him,
2 To whom also Abraham apportioned a atenth part of all; first being interpreted 1bking of righteousness, and then also king of Salem, which is 1cking of peace;
3 Being 1without father, without mother, without genealogy; having neither abeginning of days nor bend of life, but likened to the Son of God, abides a priest cperpetually.