II. Dealing with Divisions
A. Christ and His Cross, the Unique Solution
to All Problems in the Church
1. Christ Not Divided
10 Now I beseech you, brothers, through the 1aname of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all 2bspeak the same thing and that there be no 3cdivisions among you, but that you be 4attuned in the dsame mind and in the same 5eopinion.
11 For it has been made clear to me concerning you, my brothers, by those of the household of 1Chloe, that there are astrifes among you.
12 Now I mean this, that each of you says, 1aI am of bPaul, and I of cApollos, and I of dCephas, and I of 2Christ.
13 Is 1Christ adivided? Was Paul 2crucified for you? Or were you bbaptized into the name of Paul?
14 I thank God that I baptized none of you except aCrispus and bGaius,
15 That no one may say that you were baptized into my name.
16 And I did baptize the household of aStephanas also; beyond that I do not know if I baptized any other.
17 For Christ did not 1send me to baptize but to announce the gospel, not in 2awisdom of speech that the 3bcross of Christ may not be made void.
2. Christ Crucified, God's Power and God's Wisdom
18 For the 1aword of the cross is to those who are bperishing cfoolishness, but to us who are being dsaved it is the epower of God.
19 For it is written, a"I will destroy the wisdom of the 1bwise, and the understanding of those who understand I will set aside.''
20 Where is the awise? Where is the 1bscribe? Where is the disputer of cthis age? Has not God made the wisdom of the world dfoolish?
21 For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know God, God 1was well pleased through the afoolishness of the 2preaching to bsave those who believe.
22 For indeed Jews require 1asigns and Greeks seek wisdom,
23 But we apreach 1Christ bcrucified, to Jews a cstumbling block, and to Gentiles dfoolishness,
24 But to 1those who are acalled, both bJews and Greeks, Christ the 2cpower of God and the dwisdom of God.
25 Because the afoolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
3. Christ, Our Wisdom:
Righteousness, Sanctification, and Redemption
26 For consider your calling, brothers, that there are not many awise according to flesh, not many powerful, not many 1wellborn.
27 But God has 1achosen the foolish things of the bworld that He might shame those who are wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the bworld that He might shame the things that are strong,
28 And the 1lowborn things of the world and the 2despised things God has chosen, things which 3aare not, that He might bbring to nought the 4things which are,
29 1So that no flesh may aboast before God.
30 But 1aof Him you are bin Christ Jesus, who became cwisdom to us from God: both 2drighteousness and esanctification and fredemption,
31 That as it is written, a"He who boasts, let him bboast in the Lord.''
B. Christ Crucified,
the Center of the Apostle's Ministry
1. The Way of the Apostle's Ministry
1 And I, when I acame to you, brothers, came not according to 1excellence of bspeech or of wisdom, announcing to you the 2cmystery of God.
2 For I did 1not determine to know anything among you except 2Jesus aChrist, and 2this One bcrucified.
3 And I was with you in 1aweakness and in 2bfear and in much trembling;
4 And my aspeech and my proclamation were not in 1persuasive words of wisdom but in demonstration of the bSpirit and of cpower,
5 In order that your faith would not 1stand in the 2wisdom of men but in the apower of God.
2. God's Wisdom in a Mystery --
Christ as the Deep Things of God
6 But we do speak wisdom among those who are afull-grown, yet a bwisdom not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are being 1cbrought to nought;
7 But we speak 1God's wisdom in a amystery, the wisdom which has been hidden, which God bpredestined 2before the cages for our 3dglory,
8 Which none of the arulers of this age have known; for if they had known, they would not have bcrucified the cLord of glory;
9 But as it is written, a"Things which 1eye has not seen and ear has not heard and which have not bcome up 2in man's heart; things which God has cprepared for those who 3dlove Him.''
10 But to us God has 1arevealed them through the bSpirit, for the Spirit 2searches all things, even the 3cdepths of God.
3. Interpreting Spiritual Things
with Spiritual Words to Spiritual Men
11 For who among men knows the things of man, except the 1aspirit of man which is in him? In the same way, the things of God also no one has known except the Spirit of God.
12 But we have 1areceived not the spirit of the bworld but the cSpirit which is from God, that we may dknow the ethings which have been graciously given to us by God;
13 Which things also we speak, not in awords taught by human wisdom but in words btaught by the Spirit, 1interpreting spiritual things 2with spiritual words.
14 1But a 2asoulish man does bnot receive the 3cthings of the Spirit of God, for they are dfoolishness to him and he is 4not able to know them because they are 5ediscerned 6spiritually.
15 But the 1aspiritual man discerns all things, but he himself is discerned by no one.
16 For who has known the amind of the Lord and will binstruct Him? But we 1have the cmind of Christ.
C. The Church, God's Cultivated Land and God's Building
1. Growth in Life Needed
1 And I, brothers, was not able to speak to you as to 1aspiritual men, but as to 2bfleshy, as to 3cinfants in Christ.
2 I 1gave you 2amilk to drink, not 2solid bfood, for you were cnot yet able to receive it. But 3neither yet now are you able,
3 For you are still afleshly. For if there is 1bjealousy and cstrife among you, are you not fleshly and do you not walk 2according to the manner of man?
4 For when someone says, aI am of Paul, and another, I of Apollos, are you not men of flesh?
5 What then is Apollos? And what is Paul? aMinisters through whom you believed, even as the Lord gave to beach one of them.
6 aI 1planted, bApollos watered, but cGod caused the growth.
7 So then 1neither is he who plants aanything nor he who waters, but God who causes the growth.
8 Now he who plants and he who waters are one, but aeach will receive his own 1breward according to his own clabor.
9 For we are 1God's afellow workers; you are God's 2bcultivated land, God's cbuilding.
2. Built with Transformed Materials,
Not with Natural Things
10 According to the agrace of God given to me, as a wise 1master builder I have blaid a cfoundation, and danother ebuilds upon it. But let each man 2take heed how he fbuilds upon it.
11 For 1aanother foundation no one is able to lay besides bthat which is laid, which is Jesus cChrist.
12 1But if anyone builds upon the foundation 2gold, silver, precious stones, 3wood, grass, stubble,
13 The work of each will become amanifest; for 1bthe day will declare it, because it is revealed by 2cfire, and the fire itself will dprove each one's work, of what sort it is.
14 If anyone's 1work which he has built upon the foundation remains, he will receive a 2areward;
15 If anyone's 1work is consumed, he will suffer 2loss, but he himself will be 3asaved, yet so as 4through bfire.
16 Do you not know that you are the 1atemple of God, and that the bSpirit of God dwells in you?
17 If anyone 1adestroys the temple of God, God will 2destroy him; for the temple of God is 3holy, and 4such are you.
3. All Things for the Church
and the Church for Christ
18 Let no one 1adeceive himself; if anyone 2bthinks that he is cwise among you in this age, let him 3become foolish that he may 4become wise.
19 For the wisdom of this world is afoolishness with God; for it is written, b"He grasps the wise in their craftiness'';
20 And again, a"The Lord knows the reasonings of the wise, that they are 1vain.''
21 So then let no one aboast in men, for ball things are yours,
22 Whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or alife or death or things present or things to come; 1all are yours,
23 But you are aChrist's, and Christ is bGod's.
D. Stewards of the Mysteries of God
1. Faithful Servants of Christ
1 A man should 1account us 2in this way, as 3aservants of Christ and 4bstewards of the cmysteries of God.
2 1Here, furthermore, it is sought in stewards that one be found afaithful.
3 But to me it is a very small thing that I should be 1aexamined by you or by 2man's day; rather I do not even examine myself.
4 For I am conscious of nothing against myself; but I am not justified in this, but He who examines me is the Lord.
5 So then do not 1ajudge anything 2before the time, until the Lord bcomes, who will both bring to light the chidden things of darkness and make dmanifest the counsels of the hearts, and then there will be epraise to each from God.
2. A Spectacle Both to Angels and to Men
6 Now 1these things, brothers, I have 2transferred in figure to myself and aApollos for your sakes, that you may learn in us the matter of not going beyond 3what has been written, that none of you may be bpuffed up on behalf of cone, against the other.
7 For 1who distinguishes you? And what do you have that you did not areceive? And if you did receive it, why do you boast as though not having received it?
8 1Already you are filled; already you have become arich; you have reigned without us. And I would have it indeed that you did reign, that we also might reign with you.
9 For, I think, God has set forth us the apostles 1last of all as 2doomed to adeath, because we have become a 3bspectacle to the world, both to angels and to men.
3. The Offscouring of the World
and the Scum of All Things
10 We are 1afools because of Christ, but you are bprudent in Christ; we are 2cweak, but you are strong; you are 3glorious, but we are ddishonored.
11 Until the present hour we both ahunger and thirst, and are naked and bbuffeted and wander without a home;
12 And we labor, aworking with our own bhands. Reviled we cbless; dpersecuted we endure;
13 1Defamed we 2exhort. We have become as the 3aoffscouring of the world, the 3scum of all things, until now.
4. The Begetting Father
14 It is not to ashame you that I write these things but to admonish you as my beloved bchildren.
15 For though you have ten thousand 1guides in Christ, yet you do not have many 2afathers; for bin Christ Jesus I have cbegotten you through the dgospel.
16 I 1exhort you therefore, Become aimitators of me.
17 Because of this I have sent aTimothy to you, who is my beloved and faithful bchild in the Lord, who will remind you of my 1ways which are in Christ, even as I teach 2everywhere in every cchurch.
18 Now some have become apuffed up as though I were not coming to you.
19 But I will acome to you shortly, if the Lord bwills, and I will ascertain not the speech of those who are puffed up but the power.
20 For the 1akingdom of God is not in speech but in bpower.
21 What do you want? Should I acome to you with a 1rod or in love and a 2bspirit of cmeekness?