A. God's Selection, Our Destiny
1. Of God Who Calls
1 1I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie, my 2conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit,
2 That I have great grief and unceasing pain in my heart.
3 For I could wish that I myself were a 1curse, separated from Christ for my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh,
4 Who are Israelites, whose are the 1asonship and the bglory and the ccovenants and the dgiving of the law and the 2eservice and the fpromises;
5 Whose are the fathers, and out of whom, as regards what is according to flesh, is the Christ, who is 1aGod bover all, cblessed forever. Amen.
6 But it is not as though the word of God has fallen away, for 1anot all who are out of Israel are Israel;
7 Neither is it that because they are the seed of aAbraham, they are all children; but, b"In Isaac shall your seed be called,''
8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are the achildren of God, but the bchildren of the promise are accounted as the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise, a"At this time next year I will come, and Sarah shall have a son.''
10 And not only so, but aRebecca also, having conceived by one, Isaac our father,
11 Though the children had not yet been born nor had done anything good or bad (that the 1purpose of God according to aselection might remain, not of works but of Him who bcalls),
12 It was said to her, a"The greater shall 1serve the less'';
13 As it is written, a"Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.''
2. Of God's Mercy
14 What then shall we say? Is there unrighteousness with God? Absolutely not!
15 For to Moses He says, 1a"I will have 2bmercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have 2ccompassion on whomever I will have compassion.''
16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.
17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, a"For this very thing I have raised you up, that I might show in you My power, and that My name might be proclaimed in all the earth.''
18 So then He has mercy on whom He wills, and He hardens whom He wills.
3. Of God's Sovereignty
19 You will say to me then, Why does He still find fault? For who withstands His will?
20 But rather, aO man, who are you who answer back to God? Shall the thing molded say to him who molded it, Why did you make me thus?
21 Or does not the apotter have authority over the clay to make out of the same lump one 1bvessel unto honor and another unto dishonor?
22 And what if God, wishing to demonstrate His awrath and make His power known, endured with much long-suffering vessels of wrath fitted for destruction,
23 In order that He might make known the ariches of His glory upon bvessels of cmercy, which He had before prepared unto 1dglory,
24 Even us, whom He has also acalled, not only from among the Jews but also from among the Gentiles?
25 As He also says in Hosea, a"I will call those who were not My people My people, and her who was not beloved beloved;
26 And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, aYou are not My people, there shall they be called sons of the living God.''
27 And Isaiah cries concerning Israel, a"Though the number of the sons of Israel be like the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved;
28 For the Lord will execute His word upon the earth, accomplishing it and cutting it short.''
29 And as Isaiah has previously said, a"Unless the Lord of hosts had left us a seed, we would have become like bSodom and been made like Gomorrah.''
4. Through the Righteousness Which Is out of Faith
30 What then shall we say? That the Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have laid hold of righteousness, but a righteousness which is out of faith;
31 But aIsrael, pursuing a law of righteousness, did not attain to that law.
32 Why? Because they pursued it not aout of faith, but as it were out of works. They stumbled at the bstone of stumbling,
33 As it is written, a"Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling, a rock of offense, and he who believes on Him shall not be put to shame.''
1 Brothers, the good pleasure of my heart and my petition to God for them is for their asalvation.
2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to full knowledge;
3 For because they were ignorant of God's righteousness and sought to 1establish their own righteousness, they were not subject to the arighteousness of God.
5. Through Christ
a. Christ, the End of the Law
4 For Christ is the 1aend of the law unto righteousness to everyone who believes.
b. Christ, Incarnated and Resurrected
5 For Moses writes concerning the righteousness which is out of the law: a"The man who does them shall live by them.''
6 But the righteousness which is out of faith speaks in this way, a"Do not say in your heart, Who will ascend into bheaven?'' that is, to 1bring Christ down;
7 Or, "Who will descend into the 1abyss?'' that is, to 2bring Christ up from the dead.
c. Christ, Who Is Near
8 But what does it say? 1a"The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart,'' that is, the word of the faith which we proclaim,
d. Christ, Believed In and Called Upon
9 That if you aconfess with your 1mouth bJesus as Lord and believe in your heart that God has 2craised Him from the dead, you will be saved;
10 For 1with the heart there is believing 2unto righteousness, and 1with the mouth there is confession 2unto salvation.
11 For the Scripture says, a"Everyone who believes on Him shall not be put to shame.''
12 For there is no distinction between aJew and Greek, for the same Lord is bLord of all and 1crich to all who dcall upon Him;
13 For a"whoever 1calls upon the name of the Lord shall be 2bsaved.''
e. Christ, Proclaimed and Heard
14 How then shall they call upon Him into whom they have not 1believed? And how shall they believe into Him of whom they have not 2heard? And how shall they hear without one who proclaims Him?
15 And how shall they proclaim Him unless they are sent? As it is written, a"How beautiful are the bfeet of those who announce the news of good things!''
f. Christ, Received or Rejected
16 But not all have 1aobeyed the gospel, for Isaiah says, b"Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?''
17 So faith comes out of ahearing, and hearing through the bword of Christ.
18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes surely: a"Their voice has gone out into all the earth and their words to the ends of the inhabited earth.''
19 But I say, Did Israel not know this? First, Moses says, a"I will bprovoke you to jealousy by them who are not a nation; by a nation without understanding I will anger you.''
20 And Isaiah is very bold and says, a"I was found by those who did not seek Me; I became manifest to those who did not ask for Me.''
21 But with regard to Israel he says, a"All the day long I have stretched out My hands to a people who disobey and contradict.''
B. The Economy in God's Selection
1. A Remnant Reserved by Grace
1 I say then, Has God 1cast away His people? Absolutely not! For aI also am an Israelite, out of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2 God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage concerning Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?
3 a"Lord, they have killed Your prophets, they have torn down Your altars; and I am left alone, and they are seeking my 1life.''
4 But what does the divine answer say to him? a"I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to 1bBaal.''
5 In the same way then at the present time also there has come into being a remnant according to the aselection of grace.
6 But if by agrace, it is no longer out of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace.
7 What then? That which aIsrael is seeking after, this it has not obtained, but the chosen have obtained it, and the rest have been bhardened;
8 As it is written, a"God gave them a spirit of deep sleep, eyes to see not and ears to hear not, until this very day.''
9 And David says, a"Let their table become a snare and a trap and a stumbling block and a retribution to them;
10 aLet their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see; and bend their back continually.''
2. The Gentiles Saved
through Israel's Stumbling
11 I say then, Have they 1stumbled so as to fall? Absolutely not! But by their misstep salvation has come to the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy.
12 But if their misstep has become riches for the world, and their loss, riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fullness be!
13 But I am speaking to you, the Gentiles. Inasmuch therefore as I am an apostle of the Gentiles, I glorify my ministry,
14 If perhaps I may provoke those of my flesh to jealousy and save some of them.
15 For if their being cast aside is the reconciliation of the world, what will their being received back be, if not life from the dead?
16 Now if the adough offered as the 1firstfruits is holy, the lump is also; and if the 1root is holy, the branches are also.
17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were 1grafted in among them and became a fellow partaker of the root of fatness of the 2aolive tree,
18 Do not boast against the branches; but if you boast, remember that it is not you who bear the root, but the root you.
19 You will say then, Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.
20 Rightly said: they were broken off because of aunbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be high-minded, but fear;
21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will He spare you.
22 Behold then the kindness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but on you, the akindness of God, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be bcut off.
3. Israel Restored
through the Gentiles' Receiving Mercy
23 And they also, if they do not continue in aunbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able 1to graft them in again.
24 For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree and were grafted contrary to nature into the cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are the natural branches be grafted into their own aolive tree!
25 For I do not want you, brothers, to be ignorant of this mystery (lest you be wise in yourselves), that ahardness has come upon Israel in part, until the fullness of the 1Gentiles comes in;
26 And thus all Israel will be saved, as it is written, a"The Deliverer will come out of Zion; He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob.
27 And this is the covenant from Me with them, when I take away their sins.''
28 According to the gospel they are enemies 1for your sake, but according to the aselection they are beloved 1for the fathers' sake.
29 For the agracious gifts and the bcalling of God are irrevocable.
30 For just as you once disobeyed God, but now have been shown amercy because of their disobedience,
31 So these also now have disobeyed, so that because of the mercy shown to you they also now may be shown mercy.
32 For God has ashut up all in disobedience that He might 1show bmercy to all.
C. The Praise for God's Selection
33 1O the adepth of the briches and 2cwisdom and dknowledge of God! How eunsearchable are His judgments and untraceable His ways!
34 aFor who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has become His counselor?
35 Or who has first given to Him, and it will be repaid to him?
36 Because aout from Him and bthrough Him and cto Him are all things. dTo Him be the glory forever. Amen.