A. On Mankind Generally
18 1For the 2awrath of God is revealed from heaven 3upon all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who 4hold down 5the truth in unrighteousness,
19 Because that which is known of God is manifest 1within them, for God manifested it to them.
20 For the invisible things of Him, both His eternal power and 1divine characteristics, have been clearly seen since the creation of the world, 2abeing perceived by the things made, so that they would be without excuse;
21 Because though 1they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or thank Him, but rather became 2vain in their reasonings, and their heart, lacking understanding, was darkened.
22 Professing to be wise, they became fools
23 And 1achanged the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and reptiles.
24 Therefore God 1gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, so that they dishonor their bodies among themselves,
25 Who exchanged the 1truth of God for the lie, and worshipped and served the creation rather than the Creator, who is ablessed forever. Amen.
26 Therefore God gave them up to passions of dishonor; for their females exchanged the natural use for that which is contrary to nature;
27 And likewise also the males, leaving the natural use of the female, burned in their craving toward one another, males with males committing unseemliness and fully receiving in themselves the retribution of their error which was due.
28 And even as they did not approve of holding God in their full knowledge, God gave them up to a disapproved mind, to do the things which are not fitting,
29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity;
30 Whisperers, slanderers, hateful to God, insolent, arrogant, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 Senseless, faithless, affectionless, merciless;
32 Who, though fully knowing the 1righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, not only do them, but also have fellow delight in those who practice them.
B. On the Self-righteous Particularly
1 Therefore you are without excuse, O every man who 1judges, for in what you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.
2 But we know that the 1judgment of God is according to 2truth upon those who practice such things.
3 And do you consider this, O man, who judge those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will escape the 1judgment of God?
4 Or do you despise the riches of His kindness and forbearance and long-suffering, not knowing that God's kindness is leading you to repentance?
5 But, according to your hardness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the arighteous judgment of God,
6 Who will render to each according to his works:
7 1To those who by endurance in good work seek glory and honor and incorruptibility, life eternal;
8 But to those who are selfishly contentious and disobedient to the 1truth and obey unrighteousness, wrath and fury.
9 Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of man who commits evil, both of Jew first and of Greek;
10 But glory and honor and peace to everyone who works good, both to Jew first and to Greek.
11 For there is no respect of persons with God.
12 For as many as have sinned without the law shall also perish without the law; and as many as have sinned 1under the law shall be judged by the law
13 (For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
14 For when Gentiles, who have no law, do 1by nature the things of the law, these, though they have no law, are a law to themselves,
15 Who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their 1conscience bearing witness with it and their reasonings, one with the other, accusing or even excusing them.)
16 In the day when God judges the secrets of men according to my gospel athrough Jesus Christ.
C. On the Religious Specifically
17 1But if you bear the name of Jew, and rest upon the law, and 2boast in God,
18 And know the will, and 1approve the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law,
19 And have confidence that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those in darkness,
20 One who disciplines the foolish, a teacher of 1babes, having the proper form of the knowledge and truth in the law;
21 1You therefore who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach not to steal, do you steal?
22 You who say not to commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob their temples?
23 You who boast in the law, do you by transgression of the law dishonor God?
24 For a"the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,'' even as it is written.
25 For circumcision profits if you practice the law; but if you are a transgressor of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.
26 If therefore the uncircumcision keeps the 1ordinances of the law, will not his uncircumcision be accounted as circumcision?
27 And the uncircumcision by nature, if he fulfills the law, will judge you who through the letter and circumcision are a transgressor of the law.
28 1For he is anot a Jew who is one 2outwardly; neither is bcircumcision that which is outward in the flesh.
29 1But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is of the heart, 2ain spirit, not 2in letter, whose praise is not 3from men, but 3from God.
1 What then is the advantage of the Jew? Or what is the profit of circumcision?
2 Much in every way. First, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.
3 For what if some disbelieved? Shall their unbelief annul the faithfulness of God?
4 1Absolutely not! But let God be true and every man a liar, as it is written, a"That You may be 2declared righteous in Your words and may overcome when You are judged.''
5 But if our unrighteousness commends the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is the God who inflicts wrath unrighteous? I speak according to man.
6 Absolutely not! Otherwise how shall God judge the world?
7 But if the 1atruthfulness of God has abounded in my lie unto His glory, why still am I also being judged as a sinner?
8 And why not say (as we are slanderously charged and as some affirm that we say), Let us do evil that good may come? whose 1judgment is just.
D. On All the World Totally
9 What then? Are we better? Not at all! For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that they are all under sin,
10 Even as it is written, a"There is none righteous, not even one;
11 There is none who understands, there is none who seeks out God.
12 All have turned aside; together they have become useless; there is none who does 1good; there is not so much as one.
13 aTheir throat is an opened grave; with their tongues they practiced deceit; bthe poison of asps is under their lips;
14 aWhose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.
15 aSwift are their feet to shed blood,
16 Destruction and misery are in their ways,
17 And the 1way of peace they have not known.
18 aThere is no fear of God before their eyes.''
19 Now we know that whatever things the law says, it speaks to those who are under the law, 1that every mouth may be stopped and all the world may fall under the judgment of God;
20 Because aout of the works of the law no flesh shall be justified before Him; for bthrough the law is the clear knowledge of sin.