A. In the Jewish Land through the Ministry of Peter's Company
1. The Jewish Believers' Baptism in the Holy Spirit
a. The Economical Filling of the Holy Spirit
1 And as the day of 1aPentecost was being fulfilled, they were all together in the same place.
2 And suddenly there was a sound out of heaven, as of a rushing violent 1awind, and it 2bfilled the whole house where they were sitting.
3 And there appeared to them 1tongues as of 2fire, which were distributed; and it 3sat on each one of them;
4 And they were 1all 2filled with the Holy Spirit and began to aspeak in different 3btongues, even as the cSpirit gave to them to 4speak forth.
b. The Peoples' Amazement
5 Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem 1Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.
6 And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together and was confounded because each one heard them aspeaking in his own dialect.
7 And they were aamazed and marveled, saying, Behold, are not all these who are speaking bGalileans?
8 And how is it that we each hear them in our own dialect in which we were born?
9 Parthians and aMedes and bElamites and those dwelling in cMesopotamia, both in Judea and dCappadocia, in ePontus and fAsia,
10 Both in aPhrygia and bPamphylia, in cEgypt and the parts of dLibya around eCyrene, and the sojourning of Rome, both Jews and 1proselytes,
11 aCretans and bArabians, we hear them speaking in our 1tongues the magnificent works of God?
12 And they were all aamazed and perplexed, saying to one another, What does this mean?
13 But others ajeered and said, They are full of 1new wine!
2. Peter's First Message to the Jews
a. Explaining the Economical Filling of the Holy Spirit
14 But Peter, standing with the 1eleven, lifted up his voice and spoke forth to them: 2Men of Judea, and all who are dwelling in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words.
15 For these men are not adrunk, as you suppose, for it is the 1third hour of the day;
16 But this is what is spoken through the prophet Joel:
17 a"And it shall be in the 1blast days, says God, that I will 2cpour out 3of My Spirit 4upon 5all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall 6dprophesy, and your young men shall see evisions, and your old men shall dream things in dreams;
18 And indeed upon My slaves, both men and women, I will pour out of My aSpirit in those days, and they shall prophesy.
19 And I will 1show wonders in heaven above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and vapor of smoke.
20 The asun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the bgreat and notable 1cday of the Lord comes.
21 And it shall be that everyone who 1calls on the 2name of the Lord shall be 3asaved.''
b. Witnessing of Jesus in His Work,
Death, Resurrection, and Ascension
22 1Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus the aNazarene, a 2man 3shown by God to you to be approved by works of power and wonders and bsigns, which God did through Him in your midst, even as you yourselves know --
23 This man, adelivered up by the 1bdetermined counsel and 2foreknowledge of God, you, through the hand of 3lawless men, cnailed to a 4cross and dkilled;
24 Whom 1God has araised up, having loosed the pangs of bdeath, since it was 2not possible for Him to be held by it.
25 For David says regarding Him, 1a"I saw the 2Lord continually before me, because 3He is on my right hand, that I may not be shaken.
26 Therefore my heart was made glad and my 1tongue exulted; moreover, also my flesh will 2rest in hope,
27 Because You will not abandon my soul to 1aHades, nor will You permit Your 2bHoly One to see 3corruption.
28 You have made known to me the 1ways of life; You will make me full of gladness with Your 2presence.''
29 1Men, brothers, I can say to you plainly concerning the patriarch aDavid that he both deceased and was buried, and his btomb is among us until this day.
30 Therefore, being a prophet and knowing that God had asworn with an oath to him to seat One from the 1bfruit of his loins upon his 2throne,
31 He, seeing this beforehand, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was He abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh see acorruption.
32 This Jesus 1God has araised up, of 2which we all are bwitnesses.
33 Therefore having been aexalted to the bright hand of God and having received the 1promise of the Holy cSpirit from the Father, He has dpoured out this which you both see and hear.
34 For David did 1not aascend into the heavens, but he himself says, b"The 2Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My 3right hand
35 Until I 1set Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet.''
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made Him both 1aLord and bChrist, this Jesus whom 2you have ccrucified.
c. Entreating the Spirit-moved Ones
to Repent, Be Baptized, and Be Saved
37 And when they heard this, they were apricked in their heart, and they said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, bWhat should we do, 1brothers?
38 And Peter said to them, 1aRepent and each one of you be 2bbaptized 3upon the 4name of Jesus Christ for the 5cforgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the 6dgift of the Holy 7Spirit.
39 For to 1you is the 2promise and to your children, and to all 3who are afar off, 4as many as the Lord our God bcalls to Himself.
40 And with many other words he solemnly 1atestified and exhorted them, saying, 2Be saved from this bcrooked 3generation.
41 Those then who received his word were 1baptized, and there were aadded on that day about three bthousand souls.
3. The Beginning of the Church Life
42 And they continued steadfastly in the 1teaching and the fellowship of the apostles, in the abreaking of bread and the bprayers.
43 And afear was upon every soul; and many 1wonders and bsigns took place through the apostles.
44 And all those who believed were together and had all things 1acommon;
45 And they 1asold their properties and possessions and bdivided them to all, as anyone had need.
46 And day by day, continuing steadfastly with aone accord in the 1btemple and 2cbreaking bread from 3dhouse to house, they partook of their food with exultation and 4simplicity of heart,
47 aPraising God and 1having grace with all the people. And the Lord badded 2together cday by day those who were being dsaved.
4. Peter's Second Message to the Jews
a. The Healing of a Lame Man
1 Now Peter and John were going up into the 1atemple at the 2bninth-hour prayer;
2 And a certain man who had been alame from his mother's womb was being carried there, whom they had laid day by day at the door of the temple which is called Beautiful to ask alms from those entering into the temple.
3 And he, seeing Peter and John about to go into the temple, began to ask to receive alms.
4 And Peter, gazing at him with John, said, Look at us!
5 And he turned his attention to them, expecting to receive something from them.
6 But Peter said, 1Silver and gold I do anot possess, but what I have, this I give to you: In the bname of Jesus Christ the 2cNazarene 3rise up and walk.
7 And he seized him by the right hand and raised him up; and instantly his feet and ankles were made strong.
8 And aleaping up and about, he stood and began to walk, and he entered with them into the temple, walking and leaping and bpraising God.
9 And all the apeople saw him walking and praising God,
10 And they recognized him, that he was the one who had been sitting for alms at the temple's Beautiful Gate; and they were filled with amazement and astonishment at what had happened to him.
(1) Testifying of Jesus in His Death and Resurrection
11 And while he was holding on to Peter and John, all the people ran together toward them at the aportico called Solomon's, greatly amazed.
12 And when Peter saw this, he replied to the people, 1Men of Israel, why are you marveling at this? Or why are you gazing at us, as though by our own power or godliness we have made him walk?
13 The 1aGod of Abraham and 2Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has 3bglorified His cServant Jesus, whom you ddelivered up and edenied in the presence of fPilate, when he had decided to grelease Him.
14 But you denied the aholy and brighteous One and casked that a man who was a murderer be granted to you;
15 And the 1Author of alife you bkilled, whom 2God has craised from the dead, of 3which we are dwitnesses.
16 And 1upon faith in His aname, His 2name has made this man strong, whom you behold and know; and the faith which is through Him has given him this wholeness of health before you all.
17 And now, brothers, I know that you acted in aignorance, as also your rulers did;
18 But the things which God 1announced beforehand through the mouth of all the prophets, that aHis Christ would bsuffer, He has thus fulfilled.
(2) Exhorting People to Repent and Turn
That They May Partake of the Ascended and Coming Christ
19 aRepent therefore and turn, that your sins may be bwiped away,
20 So that seasons of 1refreshing may come from the presence of the 2Lord and that He may send the Christ, who has been previously aappointed for you, Jesus,
21 Whom heaven must indeed receive until the 1times of the arestoration of all things, of which God spoke through the mouth of His holy bprophets 2from of old.
22 Moses said, a"A 1Prophet will the Lord your God braise up unto you from your brothers, like me; Him shall you chear in whatever things He speaks to you.
23 aAnd it shall be that every soul who does not hear that Prophet shall be utterly bdestroyed from among the people.''
24 And also all the prophets, from aSamuel and those in succession after him, as many as spoke, also announced these days.
25 You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God covenanted with your fathers, saying to Abraham, "And ain your 1seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.''
26 To you afirst, God, having braised up His cServant, has sent 1Him to bless you in dturning each of you away from your wicked deeds.
5. The Beginning of the Persecution by the Jewish Religionists
a. The Arrest and Inquiry by the Sanhedrin
1 And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the 1acaptain of the temple and the 2bSadducees came upon them,
2 Being greatly disturbed because they were teaching the people and announcing 1in Jesus the aresurrection from the dead.
3 And they alaid their hands on them and placed them in custody until the next day, for it was already evening.
4 But many of those who heard the word believed; and the number of men came to about five athousand.
5 And on the next day their rulers and elders and scribes were 1gathered together in Jerusalem,
6 As well as Annas the high priest and 1aCaiaphas and 2John and Alexander and as many as were of high-priestly descent.
7 And they stood them in the midst and inquired, 1By what power or in what name did you do this?
b. Peter's Testimony
8 Then Peter, 1filled with the Holy aSpirit, said to them, Rulers of the people and elders,
9 If we today are being examined regarding a good deed done to a asick man, by what means this man has been 1healed,
10 Let it be known to you all and to all the people of Israel that in the aname of Jesus Christ the 1Nazarene, whom 2you bcrucified and whom 3God has craised from the dead, in this name this man stands before you in good health.
11 This is the 1stone which was 2considered as nothing by you, the builders, which has become the 3ahead of the corner.
12 And there is salvation in no other, for neither is there another aname under heaven given among men in which we must be bsaved.
c. The Sanhedrin's Prohibition
13 And as they beheld the aboldness of Peter and John and perceived that they were 1buneducated men and 2laymen, they marveled and they recognized them, that they had been with Jesus.
14 And seeing the man who had been healed standing with them, they had nothing to say against it.
15 But they ordered them to go away outside the 1aSanhedrin and conferred with one another,
16 Saying, What shall we do to these men? For that indeed a notable asign has occurred through them is manifest to all who dwell in Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it.
17 But in order that this would not be spread further among the people, let us threaten them that they no longer speak based upon this name to anyone.
18 And when they called them, they charged them anot to utter anything at all nor teach based upon the name of Jesus.
d. Peter and John's Reply
19 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you arather than to God, you judge;
20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have aseen and heard.
e. The Sanhedrin's Release
21 And when they had further threatened them, they released them, finding no way that they could punish them on account of the apeople, because they all were glorifying God for what had happened;
22 For the man on whom this sign of healing had occurred was more than forty years old.
f. The Church's Praise and Prayer
23 And when they had been released, they went to their 1own people and reported all that the chief priests and the elders had said to them.
24 And when they heard this, they lifted up their voice with aone accord to God and said, 1Sovereign Master, You are the One who has bmade heaven and earth and the sea and all things in them,
25 Who, through the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, has said, a"Why did the Gentiles 1rage, and the peoples devise vain things?
26 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord and against aHis Christ.''
27 For truly in this city there were agathered together against Your holy bServant Jesus, whom You canointed, both Herod and dPontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel,
28 To ado what Your hand and Your counsel 1predestined to take place.