4. The Need of the Impotent -- Life's Enlivening
a. The Inadequacy of Religion's Law-keeping
and the Sufficiency of the Son's Life-giving
1 After these things there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
2 Now there is in Jerusalem near the 1asheepgate a pool, which is called in Hebrew 2Bethesda, having 3five porticoes.
3 1In these lay a multitude of those who were sick, blind, lame, and withered, 2waiting for the moving of the water.
4 For an 1angel went down from time to time in the pool and 2stirred up the water; the first then to step in after the stirring up of the water was made 3well of whatever disease he was being held by.
5 And a certain 1man was there, who had been thirty-eight years in his sickness.
6 When Jesus saw this one lying there and knew that he had already been a long time in that condition, 1He said to him, Do you want to get well?
7 The sick man answered Him, 1Sir, 2I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up; but while I am coming, another steps down before me.
8 Jesus said to him, aRise, take up your 1mat and walk.
9 And immediately the man 1became well, and he 2took up his mat and walked. Now it was the aSabbath on that day;
b. Religion's Opposition to Life
10 Therefore the Jews said to the one who had been healed, It is the aSabbath, and 1bit is not lawful for you to take up your mat.
11 But he answered them, He who made me well, that One said to me, Take up your mat and walk.
12 They asked him, Who is the man who said to you, Take up your mat and walk?
13 But he who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, there being a crowd in that place.
14 After these things Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, Behold, you have become well; 1asin no more so that nothing worse happens to you.
15 The man went away and told the Jews that Jesus was the One who made him well.
16 And because of this the Jews persecuted Jesus 1and asought to kill Him, because He did these things on the Sabbath.
c. The Son Equal with the Father
in Giving Life and Executing Judgment
17 But Jesus answered them, My Father is 1working until now, and I also am working.
18 Because of this therefore the Jews 1sought all the more to akill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath but also called God His own Father, making Himself 2equal with bGod.
19 Then Jesus answered and said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, aThe Son can do nothing from Himself except what He sees the Father doing, for whatever that One does, these things the Son also does in like manner.
20 For athe Father loves the Son and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and bgreater works than these He will show Him that you may marvel.
21 For just as the Father araises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom He wills.
22 For neither does the Father judge anyone, but He has given all ajudgment to the Son,
23 In order that all may honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.
24 Truly, truly, I say to you, He who hears My word and abelieves Him who sent Me has 1eternal life, and does not come into 2judgment but has bpassed out of 3death into life.
25 Truly, truly, I say to you, An hour is coming, and it is now, when the 1adead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will 1live.
26 For just as the Father has life in Himself, so He gave to the Son to also have alife in Himself;
27 And He gave Him authority to execute ajudgment because He is the 1Son of Man.
28 Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming in which 1all in the tombs will hear His avoice
29 And will come forth: athose who have done good, to the 1bresurrection of life; and those who have 2practiced evil, to the 3cresurrection of 4judgment.
30 aI can do nothing from Myself; as I hear, I judge, and bMy judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will but the cwill of Him who sent Me.
d. The Son's Fourfold Testimony
31 If aI testify concerning Myself, My testimony is not true.
(1) The Testimony of John the Baptist
32 There is another who testifies concerning Me, and I know that the testimony which he testifies concerning Me is true.
33 You have sent people to John, and ahe has testified to the 1truth.
34 But it is not from man that I receive My testimony, but I say these things that you may be saved.
35 He was the lamp that was burning and shining, and you were willing to exult for a while in his light.
(2) The Testimony of the Son's Work
36 But I have the testimony which is greater than that of John, for the aworks which the Father has given Me to finish, the works themselves which I do, testify concerning Me that the Father has 1bsent Me.
(3) The Testimony of the Father
37 And the aFather who sent Me, He has 1testified concerning Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor have you seen His form,
38 And you do not have His word abiding in you, for Him whom He sent, this One you do not believe.
(4) The Testimony of the Scriptures
39 You 1search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that testify concerning Me.
40 Yet you are not willing to 1come to Me that you may have life.
41 I do not receive glory from men.
42 But I know you, that you do not have the love of God in yourselves.
43 I have come 1ain the name of My Father, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, you will receive him.
44 How can you believe when you receive glory from one another and do not seek the glory that is from the only God?
45 Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; there is one who accuses you: Moses, in whom you have set your hope.
46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for ahe wrote concerning Me.
47 But aif you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?