10. Teaching concerning the
Things That Defile from Within
1 1And the aPharisees and some of the scribes gathered together to Him when they had come from bJerusalem
2 And 1had seen that some of His disciples ate bread with common hands, that is, aunwashed.
3 (For the Pharisees and all the Jews, unless they 1carefully wash their hands, do not eat, holding the atradition of the 2elders;
4 And when they come from the marketplace, unless they 1wash themselves, they do not eat. And there are amany other things which they have received to hold, the bdipping of cups and pitchers and copper 2vessels.)
5 And the 1Pharisees and the scribes questioned Him, Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with common hands?
6 And He said to them, Well has Isaiah prophesied concerning you 1hypocrites, as it is written, a"This people honors Me with their blips, but their heart stays far away from Me;
7 But in vain do they 1worship Me, teaching as teachings the commandments of amen.''
8 While leaving the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of 1men.
9 And He said to them, You nicely 1aset aside the commandment of God that you may keep your tradition.
10 For Moses said, a"Honor your father and your mother,'' and, b"He who speaks evil of father or mother, 1let him be put to death.''
11 But you say: If a man says to his father or his mother, Whatever you would have been profited by me is now 1corban (that is, a agift to God),
12 Allow him to no longer do anything for his father or his mother.
13 Thus you deprive the word of God of its authority by your tradition which you have handed down. And amany things similar to these you do.
14 And He called the crowd to Him again and said to them, Hear Me, all of you, and aunderstand.
15 There is nothing outside of a man which entering into him can 1defile him, but the things coming out of a man are the things which defile a man.
16 1If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.
17 And when He entered into a ahouse from the crowd, His disciples questioned Him concerning the bparable.
18 And He said to them, Are you also in the same manner without aunderstanding? Do you not understand that everything that enters from outside into a man is not able to defile him,
19 Because it does not enter into his heart, but into the astomach, and goes out into the drain? (In saying this, He made all foods bclean.)
20 And He said, That which goes out of the man, that adefiles the man.
21 For from within, out of the aheart of men, proceed evil reasonings, fornications, thefts, bmurders,
22 aAdulteries, bcovetousness, wickedness, 1deceit, licentiousness, 2envy, cblasphemy, arrogance, foolishness.
23 All these 1wicked things proceed from within and defile the man.