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THE EPISTLE OF PAUL
Author: The apostle Paul (1:1).
Time of Writing: Approximately A.D. 64.
Place of Writing: Rome, where Paul was imprisoned (3:1; 4:1; 6:20; Acts 28:30).
Recipients: The saints in Ephesus (1:1).
The Church -- The Mystery of Christ,
the Body of Christ as the Fullness of Christ,
Becoming the Fullness of God
1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are in Ephesus and are faithful in Christ Jesus:
2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
II. The Blessings and Position
Received by the Church in Christ
1:3 -- 3:21
A. God's Blessings to the Church
1. The Father's Selection and Predestination,
Speaking Forth God's Eternal Purpose
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ,
4 Even as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world to be holy and without blemish before Him in love,
5 Predestinating us unto sonship through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will,
6 To the praise of the glory of His grace, with which He graced us in the Beloved;
2. The Son's Redemption,
Speaking Forth the Accomplishment
of God's Eternal Purpose
7 In whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of offenses, according to the riches of His grace,
8 Which He caused to abound to us in all wisdom and prudence,
9 Making known to us the mystery of His will according to His good pleasure, which He purposed in Himself,
10 Unto the economy of the fullness of the times, to head up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens and the things on the earth, in Him;
11 In whom also we were designated as an inheritance, having been predestinated according to the purpose of the One who works all things according to the counsel of His will,
12 That we would be to the praise of His glory who have first hoped in Christ.
3. The Spirit's Sealing and Pledging,
Speaking Forth the Application of God's Accomplished Purpose
13 In whom you also, having heard the word of the truth, the gospel of your salvation, in Him also believing, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of the promise,
14 Who is the pledge of our inheritance unto the redemption of the acquired possession, to the praise of His glory.
B. The Apostle's Prayer for the Church
1. His Thanks for the Church
15 Therefore I also, having heard of the faith in the Lord Jesus which is among you and your love to all the saints,
16 Do not cease giving thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers,
2. His Supplication for the Church
That the Saints May See:
a. The Hope of God's Calling
17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the full knowledge of Him,
18 The eyes of your heart having been enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of His calling, and what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,
b. The Glory of God's Inheritance in the Saints
c. God's Power toward Us
19 And what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the operation of the might of His strength,
20 Which He caused to operate in Christ in raising Him from the dead and seating Him at His right hand in the heavenlies,
21 Far above all rule and authority and power and lordship and every name that is named not only in this age but also in that which is to come;
d. The Church -- The Body, the Fullness of Christ
22 And He subjected all things under His feet and gave Him to be Head over all things to the church,
23 Which is His Body, the fullness of the One who fills all in all.