THE FIRST EPISTLE
Author: Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ (1:1).
Time of Writing: Probably around A.D. 64, prior to the martyrdom of Paul (see note 133 in ch. 5).
Place of Writing: Babylon on the Euphrates (see note 132 in ch. 5).
Recipients: The Jewish believers sojourning in the Gentile world (see 1:1 and note 5).
The Christian Life under the Government of God
I. Introduction -- To the
Sojourning Believers under the
Operation of the Triune God
1 1aPeter, an 2bapostle of Jesus Christ, to the 3csojourners of the 4ddispersion of 5ePontus, fGalatia, Cappadocia, gAsia, and hBithynia,
2 1aChosen 2according to the 3bforeknowledge of God the Father 4in the 5csanctification of the Spirit 6unto the 7dobedience and 8esprinkling of the 9blood of Jesus Christ: 10Grace to you and 11peace be 12fmultiplied.
II. The Full Salvation of the Triune God
and Its Issues
A. The Father's Regeneration --
Unto a Living Hope,
an Inheritance Kept in the Heavens and
Ready to Be Revealed at the Last Time
3 1aBlessed be the 2God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great 3bmercy has 4cregenerated us 5unto a 6living dhope 7through the eresurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4 1Unto an 2ainheritance, 3incorruptible and undefiled and bunfading, 4ckept in the heavens for you,
5 Who are being 1aguarded 2by the power of God 3through faith 4unto a 5salvation ready to be brevealed at the 6clast time;
6 In which 1time you aexult, though for a blittle while at present, if it must be, you have been made sorrowful by various 2ctrials,
7 So that the 1aproving of your faith, 2much more 3precious than of gold which perishes though it is bproved by fire, may be found 4unto cpraise and dglory and honor at the 5erevelation of Jesus Christ;
8 Whom having not aseen, you 1blove; 2into whom though not seeing Him at present, yet 3cbelieving, you dexult with 4joy that is unspeakable and 4full of glory,
9 1Receiving the end of your faith, the asalvation of your 2bsouls.
B. The Spirit's Application --
Through the Prophets' Prophesying
and the Apostles' Preaching
10 Concerning this salvation the 1aprophets, who prophesied concerning the 2grace that was to come unto you, sought and searched diligently,
11 1Searching into 2what time or what manner of time the Spirit 3of Christ in them was making clear, testifying beforehand of the 4sufferings 5of Christ and the 6glories after these.
12 To them it was revealed that not to themselves but to you they ministered 1these things, which have now been announced to you through those who 2preached the gospel to you by the Holy aSpirit sent from heaven, which things angels long to 3look into.
C. Christ's Redemption --
Unto a Holy Life by the Holy Nature
and unto Brotherly Love through Purification
by the Sanctifying Truth,
Based on Regeneration by the Incorruptible Seed
through the Living Word of God
13 1Therefore agirding up the loins of your mind and being 2bsober, set your 3hope perfectly on the 4cgrace being brought to you at the drevelation of Jesus Christ.
14 As children of aobedience, do not be 1fashioned according to the former blusts in your cignorance;
15 But according to the 1Holy One who acalled you, you yourselves also 2be bholy in all your cmanner of life;
16 Because it is written, "You shall be aholy because I am holy.''
17 And if you call as 1aFather the One who bwithout respect of persons 2cjudges according to each one's 3work, pass the time of your dsojourning in 4efear,
18 Knowing that it was not with corruptible things, with 1asilver or gold, that you were bredeemed cfrom your 2dvain manner of life handed down from your fathers,
19 But with 1precious ablood, as of a bLamb cwithout blemish and without spot, the blood of Christ;
20 Who was 1aforeknown bbefore the foundation of the world but has been cmanifested in the 2dlast of times for your sake,
21 Who 1through Him believe into God, who araised Him from the dead and 2gave Him bglory, so that your 3faith and chope are in God.
22 Since you have 1purified your 2asouls by your obedience to the 3truth unto unfeigned 4bbrotherly love, love one another 5from a pure heart fervently,
23 1Having been aregenerated not of corruptible 2bseed but of incorruptible, through the cliving and abiding word of God.
24 For "all 1flesh is like agrass, and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass has withered, and the flower has fallen off,
25 But the 1word of the 2Lord abides forever.'' And this is the aword which has been announced to you as the 3bgospel.