Author: Apparently the apostle Paul, who alone was qualified to write the deep, high, and rich content of this book. The mention of Timothy and the tone of the fellowship also point to Paul as the author (see also note 1 in 1:1).
Time of Writing: Perhaps A.D. 67, after Paul's release from his first Roman imprisonment, while he was in Miletus (2 Tim. 4:20).
Place of Writing: Perhaps Miletus (see verse in the previous item). The mention of ``those from Italy'' in 13:24 indicates that the book was not written in Rome.
Recipients: The Hebrew believers, as indicated by the book's content.
Christ Being Superior
to Judaism and Everything Related to It,
and the New Covenant Which He Consummated
Being Better than the Old Covenant
I. Introduction --
God Speaking in the Son
1 1God, having aspoken of old in 2many portions and in many ways to the fathers in the prophets,
2 Has at the 1last of these days spoken to us in the 2aSon, 3whom He appointed 4bHeir of all things, cthrough whom also He made the 5duniverse;
3 Who, being the 1effulgence of His glory and the aimpress of His bsubstance and upholding and bearing all things by the 2word of His power, having made 3purification of sins, 4csat down on the right hand of the 5dMajesty on 6high;
II. The Superiority of Christ
A. Superior to the Angels
1. As the Son of God -- As God
4 Having become as much better than the angels as to have inherited a 1more distinguished name than they.
5 For to which of the angels has He ever said, a"You are My Son; 1this day have I begotten You''? And again, b"I will be a Father to Him, and He will be a Son to Me''?
6 And when He brings again the 1aFirstborn into the inhabited earth, He says, b"And let all the angels of God worship Him.''
7 And of the angels He says, a"Who makes His angels 1winds and His ministers a flame of fire'';
8 But of the Son, a"Your bthrone, 1O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your ckingdom.
9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, 1Your God, has aanointed You with the oil of exultant joy above Your 2bpartners'';
10 And, a"You in the beginning, 1Lord, laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands;
11 They will perish, but You remain perpetually; and they all will become aold like a bgarment,
12 And like a mantle You will roll them up; like a garment they will also be changed; but You are the asame, and Your years will not fail.''
13 But to which of the angels has He ever said, a"Sit at My right hand 1until I set Your enemies as a bfootstool for Your feet''?
14 Are they not all aministering spirits, sent forth for service for the sake of 1those who are to inherit salvation?