THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL
Author: The apostle Paul (1:1).
Time of Writing: Approximately A.D. 60, before the Epistle to the Romans was written; see notes 11 and 31 in Acts 20.
Place of Writing: Macedonia (2:13 and note 2; 7:5-6; 8:1; 9:2, 4).
Recipients: The church of God in Corinth, with all the saints in the whole of Achaia (1:1).
The New Covenant Ministry and Its Ministers
1 Paul, an aapostle of Christ Jesus through the 1will of God, and bTimothy the brother, to the 2cchurch of God which is 3in Corinth, 4with all the saints who are in the whole of 5dAchaia:
2 aGrace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
B. The Comfort of God
1. Comforted to Comfort
3 aBlessed be the bGod and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of 1compassions and God of all 2ccomfort;
4 Who acomforts us in all our baffliction that we may be 1able to comfort those who are in every affliction through the ccomforting with which we ourselves are comforted by God.
2. Pressed Down unto Despair
5 For even as the 1asufferings of 2the Christ abound unto us, so through 2the Christ our comfort also abounds.
6 But whether we are aafflicted, it is for your comforting and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comforting, which operates in the endurance of the same sufferings which we also suffer.
7 And our hope for you is firm, knowing that as you are partakers of the asufferings, so also you are of the comfort.
8 For we do not want you to be aignorant, brothers, of our affliction which befell us in bAsia, that we were excessively 1cburdened, beyond our power, so that we 2ddespaired even of 3living.
9 1Indeed we ourselves had the 2response of adeath in ourselves, that we should bnot base our cconfidence on ourselves but don 3God, who eraises the dead;
10 Who has adelivered us out of so great a death, and 1will deliver us; in whom we have bhoped that He will also yet deliver us,
11 If you also 1help in this by apetition on our behalf, that for the 2gift to us through many, bthanks may be given by many 3persons on our behalf.
C. The Apostles' Boasting
12 For our boasting is this, the testimony of our 1aconscience, that in 2singleness and 3bsincerity of God, not in 4fleshly cwisdom but in the 5dgrace of God, we have conducted ourselves in the world, and more abundantly toward you.
13 For no other things do we write to you than what you read or even know; and I hope that you will know unto the end,
14 Even as also you know us ain part, that we are your bboast, just as you also are cours in the 1dday of our Lord Jesus.
D. Concerning the Apostle's Coming
1. Being One with Christ
15 And in this confidence I intended to acome to you previously that you might have 1double bgrace,
16 And through you to pass through into 1aMacedonia, and again from Macedonia to come to you and be sent forward by you into bJudea.
17 This therefore intending, did I then use fickleness? Or the things which I purpose, do I purpose aaccording to the flesh, so that with me there should be Yes, yes and No, no?
18 1But as God is afaithful, our 2bword toward you is not yes and no.
19 1For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you through us, through me and 2Silvanus and Timothy, did not become yes and no, but our word has become ayes in Him.
20 1For as many apromises of God as there are, in 2Him is the 3Yes; therefore also through 2Him is 4the bAmen to God, 5for cglory through 6us to God.
21 1But the One who 2firmly attaches 3us 4with you unto 5Christ and has 6aanointed us is God,
22 He who has also 1asealed us and given the Spirit in our 2hearts as a 3bpledge.
2. The Reasons for the Delay
a. To Spare the Corinthians
23 But I call on God as a awitness 1against my bsoul that to 2cspare you I have not yet dcome to Corinth.
24 Not that we alord it over your faith, but we are fellow workers with you for your joy; for by 1faith you bstand.