THE EPISTLE OF PAUL
Author: The apostle Paul (1:1).
Time of Writing: Approximately A.D. 60, on Paul's third ministry journey.
Place of Writing: Corinth (Rom. 15:25-32; Acts 19:21; 20:1-3).
Recipients: The saints in Rome (1:7).
The Gospel of God --
To Make Sinners Sons of God
to Constitute the Body of Christ,
Which Is Expressed as the Local Churches
I. Introduction --
The Gospel of God
A. Promised in the Holy Scriptures
1 1Paul, a 2slave of 3Christ 4Jesus, a 5called 6apostle, 7separated 8unto the 9gospel of God,
2 1Which He promised 2beforehand through His prophets in the 3holy Scriptures,
B. Concerning Christ
3 Concerning 1His Son, who 2came 3out of the 4aseed of David according to the 5flesh,
4 Who was 1designated the 2aSon of God in 3power according to the 4Spirit of 5holiness 6out of the resurrection of the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord;
C. Received by the Called Ones
5 Through whom we have received 1grace and 2apostleship unto the 3aobedience of 4bfaith among all the Gentiles 5on behalf of His name,
6 Among whom you also are the 1called ones of Jesus Christ;
7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, the acalled 1saints: 2Grace to you and bpeace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
D. Proclaimed with Eagerness
and Partaken of by Faith
8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all because your afaith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
9 For God is my witness, whom I 1serve in my 2spirit in the gospel of His Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you always in my prayers,
10 Beseeching if by any means now at last I may be prospered in the will of God to come to you.
11 For I long to see you that I may impart to you some spiritual gift so that you may be aestablished;
12 That is, that I with you may be 1encouraged among you through the faith which is in one another, both yours and mine.
13 And I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, that often I apurposed to come to you (yet was hindered until the present), that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles.
14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to 1barbarians, both to wise and to foolish;
15 So, for my part, I am ready to announce the gospel to you also who are in Rome.
E. The Power of God's Salvation
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the 1power of God unto 2salvation to every one who believes, both to Jew first and to Greek.
17 For the 1arighteousness of God is revealed in it 2out of faith to faith, as it is written, b"But the righteous shall 3have life and live by 4faith.''
A. On Mankind Generally
18 1For the 2awrath of God is revealed from heaven 3upon all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who 4hold down 5the truth in unrighteousness,
19 Because that which is known of God is manifest 1within them, for God manifested it to them.
20 For the invisible things of Him, both His eternal power and 1divine characteristics, have been clearly seen since the creation of the world, 2abeing perceived by the things made, so that they would be without excuse;
21 Because though 1they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or thank Him, but rather became 2vain in their reasonings, and their heart, lacking understanding, was darkened.
22 Professing to be wise, they became fools
23 And 1achanged the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and reptiles.
24 Therefore God 1gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, so that they dishonor their bodies among themselves,
25 Who exchanged the 1truth of God for the lie, and worshipped and served the creation rather than the Creator, who is ablessed forever. Amen.
26 Therefore God gave them up to passions of dishonor; for their females exchanged the natural use for that which is contrary to nature;
27 And likewise also the males, leaving the natural use of the female, burned in their craving toward one another, males with males committing unseemliness and fully receiving in themselves the retribution of their error which was due.
28 And even as they did not approve of holding God in their full knowledge, God gave them up to a disapproved mind, to do the things which are not fitting,
29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity;
30 Whisperers, slanderers, hateful to God, insolent, arrogant, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 Senseless, faithless, affectionless, merciless;
32 Who, though fully knowing the 1righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, not only do them, but also have fellow delight in those who practice them.