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Acts Outline
Acts 27:1 Acts 28:31

CHAPTER 27

10. The Fourth Journey
27:1--28:31

a. To Fair Havens
27:1-12

1 And when it was decided that 1we should sail to aItaly, they delivered Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion named Julius of the 2Augustan 3cohort.

2 And going on board an Adramyttian ship which was about to sail to places along the coast of Asia, we 1put out to sea, aAristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.

3 And on the next day we landed at Sidon; and Julius, treating Paul akindly, allowed him to go to his friends to receive care.

4 And from there we put out to sea and sailed under the shelter of Cyprus because the winds were contrary.

5 And having sailed across the open sea which lies off Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came down to Myra of Lycia.

6 And there the centurion found an aAlexandrian ship sailing for Italy, and he put us onto it.

7 And when we had sailed slowly for a considerable number of days and came with difficulty off Cnidus, the wind not permitting us to go on, we sailed under the shelter of Crete, off Salmone.

8 And coasting along it with difficulty, we came to a certain place called Fair Havens, near which was the city of Lasea.

9 And when considerable time had passed and the voyage was now dangerous, and also because the 1Fast had already gone by, Paul advised them,

10 Saying to them, 1Men, I perceive that the voyage is to be with damage and much loss, not only of the cargo and the ship, but also of our lives.

11 But the centurion was persuaded by the navigator and the ship's aowner rather than by the things that were being said by Paul.

12 And as the harbor was not suitable for wintering, the majority gave counsel to put out to sea from there, if somehow they might be able to reach Phoenix, a harbor of Crete 1facing northeast and southeast, and spend the winter there.


b. The Storm and Paul's Prediction of Safety
27:13-26

13 And when a south wind blew gently, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, they weighed anchor and sailed along Crete close inshore.

14 But not long afterward there beat down from 1the island a hurricane awind called 2Euraquilo.

15 And when the ship was caught by it and was not able to face the wind, we gave way to it and were driven along.

16 And running under the shelter of a certain little island called Clauda, we were hardly able to 1get control of the asmall boat.

17 And when they had hoisted it up, they 1used supports to undergird the ship. And because they afeared that they might run aground on 2Syrtis, they 3lowered the gear and so were driven along.

18 The next day, as we were being violently storm-tossed, they began to ajettison the cargo;

19 And on the third day they threw the ship's 1gear overboard, even with their own hands.

20 And when neither sun nor stars appeared for many days, and while no small storm was assailing us, from then on all hope that we might be saved was being abandoned.

21 And when they had been a long time without food, Paul then stood in their midst and said, O 1men, you 2should have listened to me and not set sail from Crete and gained this damage and loss.

22 And now I advise you to acheer up, for there will be bno loss of life among you, but only of the ship.

23 For this very anight an bangel of the God whose I cam and whom I 1dserve estood by me,

24 Saying, Do anot fear, Paul; you must 1stand before Caesar. And behold, God has bgranted you all those who are sailing with you.

25 Therefore, acheer up, 1men, for I bbelieve God that it shall be so, even in the way in which it has been cspoken to me.

26 But we must run aaground on a certain bisland.


c. The Ascendancy and Wisdom of Paul
in Contrast to the Baseness and Folly of the Sailors and Soldiers
27:27-44

27 But when the fourteenth night came, as we were being driven about in the Adriatic Sea, about the middle of the night the sailors suspected that some land was approaching them.

28 And they 1took soundings and found it to be twenty 2fathoms; and when they had gone a little farther, they sounded again and found it to be fifteen 2fathoms.

29 And afearing that we might run baground somewhere on 1rocky places, they threw four anchors from the stern and wished for day to come.

30 And when the sailors sought to flee from the ship, having lowered the asmall boat into the sea under pretense of intending to lay out anchors from the bow,

31 Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, Unless these men remain in the ship, you cannot be saved.

32 Then the soldiers cut away the ropes of the small boat and let it fall away.

33 And until day was about to come, Paul encouraged them all to take some food, saying, Today is the fourteenth day that you have continued watching without food, taking nothing.

34 Therefore I encourage you to take some food, for this is for your salvation; for not a ahair from the head of any one of you shall perish.

35 And when he had said these things and had taken bread, he gave athanks to God before all; and he broke it and began to beat.

36 And all became acheerful, and they also took food.

37 Now we were in all two hundred and seventy-six souls in the ship.

38 And when they were satisfied with food, they began to lighten the ship, athrowing out the wheat into the sea.

39 And when day came, they could not recognize the land, but they noticed a certain bay, which had a beach, into which they took counsel to drive the ship, if they were able.

40 And casting off the anchors, they left them in the sea, at the same time loosening the bands of the rudders; and hoisting the foresail to the blowing of the wind, they held course for the beach.

41 But striking a sandbar with the sea on both sides, they ran the vessel aground; and the bow stuck fast and remained immovable, but the stern was abroken up by the violence of the waves.

42 And the counsel of the soldiers was that they should akill the prisoners, lest anyone swim away and escape;

43 But the centurion, 1intending to bring Paul safely through, prevented them from their intention and ordered those who were able to swim to throw themselves overboard first and get to the land,

44 And the rest to follow, some on planks, and others on some of the things from the ship. And so it happened that all were brought asafely through onto the land.


CHAPTER 28

d. To the Island of Malta
28:1-10

1 And having been brought safely through, we recognized then that the aisland was called 1Malta.

2 And the 1natives showed us uncommon akindness, for they kindled a fire and took us all in because of the rain coming on and because of the cold.

3 But when Paul had collected a bundle of sticks and put them on the fire, a aviper came out because of the heat and fastened onto his hand.

4 And when the natives saw the 1snake hanging from his hand, they said to one another, Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, whom, though he has been brought safely out of the sea, 2Justice has not allowed to live.

5 However he shook off the asnake into the fire and suffered no harm;

6 And they expected that he would swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But when they had waited for a long time and beheld nothing unusual happening to him, they changed their minds and said that he was a 1agod.

7 Now in the vicinity of that place were the lands of the leading man of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and gave us hospitality three days in a afriendly way.

8 And the father of Publius was lying down sick with afever and dysentery. Paul went in to him, and having bprayed and claid his hands on him, healed him.

9 And when this happened, the rest also in the island who had sicknesses came to him and were 1healed.

10 They also honored us with many honors; and as we put out to sea, they put on board the things for our needs.


e. To Rome, Ending the Fourth Journey
28:11-31

(1) Through Syracuse to Rome
vv.11-16

11 And after it had been three months, we put out to sea in an aAlexandrian ship which had wintered in the island, with the 1twin sons of bZeus for its figurehead.

12 And having landed at Syracuse, we remained three days.

13 From there we sailed around and arrived at Rhegium. And after one day a south wind came on, and the second day we came to Puteoli,

14 Where, having found abrothers, we were urged to remain with them seven days. And thus we came to Rome.

15 And from 1there the 2brothers, having heard about the things concerning us, came as far as the 3Market of Appius and 4Three Inns to meet us; and when Paul saw them, he thanked God and 5took courage.

16 And when we entered into Rome, Paul was permitted to remain by himself with the soldier who was aguarding him.


(2) Contacting the Jewish Leaders
vv.17-22

17 And after three days he called together those who were the leading men of the Jews; and when they came together, he said to them, 1Men, brothers, though I have done anothing against the people or the bcustoms of our fathers, I have been delivered as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans,

18 Who, having examined me, intended to arelease me, because there was not one bcause of death in me.

19 But when the Jews spoke against this, I was compelled to aappeal to Caesar, not that I have anything to accuse my bnation of.

20 For this cause therefore, I have entreated you to see me and speak with me; for on account of the ahope of Israel I have this bchain around me.

21 And they said to him, We have neither received aletters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brothers come and reported or spoken anything evil concerning you.

22 But we think it is fitting to hear from you what you think, for concerning this asect it is indeed known to us that it is bspoken against everywhere.


(3) Ministering in Rome
vv.23-31

23 And once they had appointed a day for him, many came to him at his lodging, to whom he aexpounded these matters, solemnly btestifying of the 1ckingdom of God and dpersuading them concerning Jesus from both the Law of eMoses and the fProphets, from morning until evening.

24 And asome were persuaded by the things which were said, but others did not believe.

25 And when they disagreed with one another, they departed, Paul saying one word to them, Well has the Holy Spirit spoken through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers,

26 Saying, 1"Go to this people and say, In hearing you shall hear and by no means understand, and seeing you will see and by no means perceive;

27 For the aheart of this people has become 1fat, and with their ears they have heard heavily, and their beyes they have closed, lest they perceive with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart, and they turn around, and I will heal them.''

28 Let it be known to you therefore that this asalvation of God has been sent to the bGentiles; they will also chear it.

29 1And when he had spoken these things, the Jews departed, having much dispute among themselves.

30 And he remained 1two whole years in his own rented dwelling and 2welcomed all those who came to him,

31 1Proclaiming the 2akingdom of God and teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all bboldness, unhindered.