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John Outline
John 18:1 John 20:13

CHAPTER 18

C. Life's Process through Death and Resurrection
for Multiplication
18:1--20:13, 17

1. Delivering Himself in Voluntary Boldness
to Be Processed
18:1-11

1 When Jesus had said these things, aHe 1went forth with His disciples across the brook bKedron, where there was a garden, into which He entered as well as His disciples.

2 And Judas also, who was abetraying Him, knew the place, for Jesus often gathered there with His disciples.

3 Then Judas, having gotten the cohort and some attendants from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with torches and lamps and weapons.

4 Jesus therefore, aknowing all the things that were coming upon Him, 1went forth and said to them, Whom do you seek?

5 They answered Him, Jesus the aNazarene. He said to them, 1bI am. And Judas also, who was betraying Him, was standing with them.

6 When therefore He said to them, I am, they drew back and fell to the ground.

7 Then again He asked them, Whom do you seek? And they said, Jesus the Nazarene.

8 Jesus answered, I told you that aI am; if therefore you seek Me, let 1these go away,

9 That the word might be fulfilled which He spoke, aOf those whom You have given Me, I have not lost one.

10 Then Simon Peter, having a asword, drew it and struck the slave of the high priest and bcut off his right ear; and the slave's name was Malchus.

11 Jesus therefore said to Peter, Put the sword into its sheath. The 1cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it?


2. Examined in His Dignity by Mankind
18:12-38a

a. By the Jews according to God's Law
in Their Religion
vv.12-27

12 Then the cohort and the commander and the attendants of the Jews aseized Jesus and bound Him

13 And 1led Him away to Annas first; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

14 Now it was aCaiaphas who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die for the people.

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, as well as another disciple. And that disciple was known to the high priest, and he entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest;

16 But Peter stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple, the one known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the maid who kept the door and brought Peter in.

17 Then the maid who kept the door said to Peter, Are you not also one of this man's disciples? He said, aI am not.

18 Now the slaves and the attendants were standing there, having made a fire of coals, for it was cold, and they were warming themselves; and Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.

19 The high priest then questioned Jesus concerning His disciples and concerning His teaching.

20 Jesus answered him, I have spoken openly to the world; I always taught in the synagogue and in the temple, where all the Jews come together, and I spoke nothing in secret.

21 1Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard Me, concerning what I spoke to them; behold, these know what I said.

22 And when He said these things, one of the attendants standing by aslapped Jesus, saying, Is that how You answer the high priest?

23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken wrongly, testify concerning the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike Me?

24 Annas then sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. Then they said to him, Are you not also one of His disciples? He denied and said, I am not.

26 One of the slaves of the high priest, who was a relative of him whose ear Peter had cut off, said, Did I not see you in the garden with Him?

27 Then Peter denied again, and immediately a rooster crowed.


b. By the Gentiles according to Man's Law
in Their Politics
vv.28-38a

28 aThen they led Jesus from Caiaphas into the 1praetorium, and it was 2early morning. And they themselves did not enter into the praetorium, so that they would not be defiled, but might eat the passover.

29 Pilate therefore went outside to them and said, What accusation do you bring against this man?

30 They answered and said to him, If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered Him to you.

31 Pilate said then to them, You take Him and judge Him according to your alaw. The Jews said to him, It is not lawful for us to kill anyone,

32 That the aword of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what 1kind of death He was to die.

33 Pilate therefore entered again into the praetorium and called for Jesus. And he said to Him, You are the aKing of the Jews?

34 Jesus answered, 1Are you saying this of yourself, or did others tell you about Me?

35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Your nation and its chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?

36 Jesus answered, My akingdom is not 1of this world. If My kingdom were 1of this world, My attendants would be struggling so that I would not be delivered to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not from 2here.

37 Pilate said therefore to Him, So then You are a king? Jesus answered, You say that I am a king. For this I have been aborn, and for this I have come into the world, that I would testify to the 1btruth. Every one who is of the 1truth hears My voice.

38 Pilate said to Him, What is truth? And having said this, he again went out to the Jews and said to them, I find ano fault in Him.


3. Sentenced in Man's Injustice
by Blind Religion with Dark Politics
18:38b--19:16

39 But you have a custom that I release one man to you at the Passover. Is it your will therefore that I release to you the King of the Jews?

40 Then they cried out again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.


CHAPTER 19

1 aTherefore at that time Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

2 And the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they threw a purple garment around Him.

3 And they came to Him and said, 1Rejoice, King of the Jews! and aslapped Him.

4 And Pilate went outside again and said to them, Behold, I am bringing Him out to you that you may know that I find ano fault in Him.

5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the thorny crown and the purple garment. And he said to them, Behold, the man!

6 When therefore the chief priests and the attendants saw Him, they cried out, saying, Crucify! Crucify! Pilate said to them, You take Him and crucify Him, for I do anot find fault in Him.

7 The Jews answered him, We have a alaw, and according to that law He ought to die because He bmade Himself the Son of God.

8 When Pilate therefore heard this word, he became frightened the more,

9 And he entered into the 1praetorium again and said to Jesus, Where are You from? But Jesus gave him no answer.

10 Therefore Pilate said to Him, You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You and I have authority to crucify You?

11 Jesus answered him, You would have no authority against Me if it were not agiven to you from above; for this reason, he who has delivered Me to you has the greater sin.

12 From then on, Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, If you release this man, you are not a friend of Caesar; every one who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.

13 Pilate therefore, when he heard these words, brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat in a place called the Pavement, but in Hebrew, 1Gabbatha.

14 Now it was the day of 1preparation for the Passover; it was about the 2sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, Behold, your King!

15 They cried out then, Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him! Pilate said to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king except Caesar.

16 Therefore at that time he delivered Him to them that 1He might be crucified. Therefore they atook Jesus.


4. Tested in God's Sovereignty by Death
19:17-30

17 And abearing the cross for Himself, He went out to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,

18 Where they crucified Him, and with Him atwo others, on this side and that, and Jesus in the middle.

19 And Pilate wrote a notice also and put it on the cross; and it was written, Jesus The aNazarene, The bKing Of The JEWS.

20 This notice therefore many of the Jews read, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in 1Hebrew, in 1Latin, and in 1Greek.

21 The chief priests of the Jews therefore said to Pilate, Do not write, The King of the Jews, but that He said, I am the King of the Jews.

22 Pilate answered, 1What I have written, I have written.

23 The soldiers then, when they had crucified Jesus, 1atook His garments and made four parts, a part for each soldier, and they took the 2tunic as well. But the 2tunic was seamless, woven from the top throughout.

24 They said therefore to one another, Let us not tear it, but let us cast lots for it to see whose it shall be, that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says, a"They divided My garments among themselves, and for My clothing they cast lots.'' So then the soldiers 1did these things.

25 And there were standing by the cross of Jesus His mother and His mother's 1sister and Mary the wife of Clopas and aMary the Magdalene.

26 Then Jesus, seeing His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing by, said to His mother, aWoman, 1behold, your son.

27 Then He said to the disciple, 1Behold, your mother. And from that hour the disciple took her into his own home.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had now been finished and so that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, aI 1bthirst.

29 There was lying there a vessel full of vinegar; therefore, they put a sponge full of vinegar on hyssop and brought it to His mouth.

30 Then when Jesus had taken the 1vinegar, He said, It is 2finished! And He bowed His head and delivered up His spirit.


5. Issuing in Blood and Water
19:31-37

31 Then the Jews, since it was the day of preparation and so that the bodies might not aremain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath day was a great Sabbath), requested of Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.

32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man and of the other man who had been crucified with Him.

33 But coming to Jesus, when they saw that He had already died, they did not break His legs;

34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately there came out 1ablood and 1bwater.

35 And he who has seen this has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he says what is true, that you also may believe.

36 For 1these things happened that the Scripture might be fulfilled: a"No 2bone of His shall be broken.''

37 And again another Scripture says, a"They shall look on Him whom they bpierced.''


6. Resting in Human Honor
19:38-42

38 And 1aafter these things Joseph from Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a hidden one for fear of the Jews, requested of Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus away; and Pilate allowed it. He came therefore and took His body away.

39 And aNicodemus, he who had come to Him the first time by night, came also, bringing a mixture of bmyrrh and caloes of about a hundred 1pounds.

40 Therefore they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the custom of the Jews for burying.

41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new atomb, in which no one had ever yet been laid.

42 Therefore because of the day of preparation for the Jews and because the tomb was near, they laid Jesus there.


CHAPTER 20

7. Resurrecting in Divine Glory
20:1-13, 17

a. Leaving the Old Creation in the Tomb
as a Testimony Provided by His Appreciators
and Discovered by His Seekers
vv.1-10

1 aNow on the 1bfirst cday of the week, Mary the Magdalene 2came early to the tomb while it was yet dark and saw the stone taken away from the tomb.

2 She ran therefore and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved and said to them, They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.

3 Peter therefore went forth, as well as the other disciple, and came to the tomb.

4 And the two ran together, yet the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came first to the tomb.

5 And stooping to look in, he saw the 1linen cloths lying there; however, he did not enter.

6 Then Simon Peter also came, following him, and entered into the tomb; and he beheld the linen cloths lying there

7 And the 1handkerchief which had been over His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded up in one place apart.

8 At that time therefore the other disciple also, who came first to the tomb, entered, and he saw and believed;

9 For as yet they did not understand the aScripture, that He had to 1brise from among the dead.

10 The disciples therefore went away again to their own home.


b. Testified by Angels Sent by God
vv.11-13

11 But Mary stood outside at the tomb 1weeping. Then as she wept, she stooped to look into the tomb

12 And beheld two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

13 And they said to her, Woman, why are you weeping? She said to them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.