1 And to the messenger of the church in 1Sardis write: These things says He who has the 2aseven Spirits of God and the 2bseven stars: I cknow your works, that you have a 3name that you are dliving, and yet you are edead.
11 The Greek word means the remains, the remainder, or the restoration. As a sign, the church in Sardis prefigures the Protestant church, from the time of the Reformation to the second coming of Christ. The Reformation was God's reaction to the apostate Roman Catholic Church, which is signified by the degraded church in Thyatira. It was accomplished by a minority of the believers, the remainder. Hence, it was a restoration by the remainder.