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Matthew Outline
Matthew 18:17

17 And if he refuses to hear them, 1tell it to the 2achurch; and if he refuses to hear the church also, let him be to you 3just like the bGentile and the ctax collector.


172 The church revealed in 16:18 is the universal church, which is the unique Body of Christ, whereas the church revealed here is the local church, the expression of the unique Body of Christ in a certain locality. Chapter 16 concerns the building of the universal church, whereas this chapter concerns the practice of the local church. In both of its aspects the church represents the kingdom of the heavens, having authority to bind and to loose.