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Ephesians Outline
Ephesians 2:12

12 That you were at that time 1apart from Christ, aalienated from the 2commonwealth of bIsrael, and strangers to the 3ccovenants of the promise, having 4dno hope and 5without God in the 6world.

123 God's covenants are His promises. His promise is His word that He will freely do certain things for His chosen people. When His promise is made into law by the necessary procedures, it becomes a binding covenant. All the words God spoke to His chosen people, from Abraham to Malachi, were His promises made into law to be His covenants. We, the Gentiles, not only are alienated from the commonwealth of Israel but also are strangers to the covenants of God's promise.