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Ephesians Outline
Ephesians 2:12

12 That you were at that time 1apart from Christ, aalienated from the 2commonwealth of bIsrael, and strangers to the 3ccovenants of the promise, having 4dno hope and 5without God in the 6world.


122 That is, the citizenship, the civil rights, of God's chosen people, such as God's ruling, blessing, and presence. Through the fall, mankind lost all the rights that God intended for man in His creation. God called Abraham and through circumcision brought His chosen people back to all these rights. We, as uncircumcised Gentiles, remained alienated from such rights.