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Luke Outline
Luke 1:35

35 And the angel answered and said to her, The 1Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the aMost High will 2overshadow you; therefore also the 3bholy thing which is born will be called the cSon of God.


352 Like the overshadowing of the cloud on the Mount of Transfiguration (Matt. 17:5) and over the tabernacle (Exo. 40:34, 38). According to this verse, it seems that the Holy Spirit would be only upon Mary as the power for her to conceive the holy child. However, Matt. 1:18 and 20 tell us that Mary "was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit," and that "that which has been begotten in her is of the Holy Spirit." This indicates that the divine essence out of the Holy Spirit had been begotten in Mary's womb before she delivered the child Jesus. Such a conception of the Holy Spirit in the human virgin, accomplished with the divine and human essences, constituted a mingling of the divine nature with the human nature, which produced a God-man, One who is both the complete God and the perfect man, possessing the divine nature and the human nature distinctly, without a third nature being produced. This is the most wonderful and most excellent person of Jesus, who is Jehovah the Savior.

The conception of John the Baptist was strikingly different in essence from that of Jesus the Savior. The conception of the Baptist was God's miracle, accomplished with the overage human essence, merely by the divine power without the involvement of the divine essence. This resulted in the bringing forth of a mere man who was filled with the Spirit of God (v. 15) but who lacked the nature of God. The conception of the Savior was God's incarnation (John 1:14), constituted not only by the divine power but also of the divine essence added to the human essence, thus producing the God-man of two natures — divinity and humanity. Through this, God joined Himself to humanity that He might be manifested in the flesh (1 Tim. 3:16) and might be a Man-Savior (2:11).