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THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO
MATTHEW

CHAPTER 23

e. Rebuking the Religionists
23:1-36

(1) Their Hypocrisy
vv.1-12


1 aThen Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,

2 Saying, The 1ascribes and the 2bPharisees have seated themselves in cMoses' seat;

3 Therefore all that they tell you, ado and keep; but do not do according to their bworks, for they say things and do not do them.

4 And they bind burdens, aheavy and hard to bear, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger.

5 And all their works they do to be aseen by men, for they broaden their 1bphylacteries and enlarge the 2cfringes of their garments,

6 And they love the aplace of honor at the dinners and the chief seats in the synagogues

7 And the asalutations in the marketplaces and to be called by men, 1bRabbi.

8 But you, do not be called Rabbi, for 1One is your aTeacher, and you are all bbrothers.

9 And do not call anyone on earth your father, for 1One is your aFather, 2He who is in the heavens.

10 Neither be called 1instructors, because 2One is your Instructor, the Christ.

11 And the agreatest among you shall be your servant.

12 And he who will aexalt himself shall be humbled, and he who will bhumble himself shall be exalted.


(2) Their Eightfold Woe
vv.13-36


13 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, 1hypocrites! For you aclose off the kingdom of the heavens in the face of men; for you do 2bnot enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to enter.

14 1But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you adevour the widows' houses, even while for a pretense you make long prayers. For this reason you shall receive greater 2judgment.

15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you go about the sea and the dry land to make one aproselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a bson of 1cGehenna as yourselves.

16 Woe to you, ablind bguides, who say, Whoever cswears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, 1he is bound.

17 Fools and blind men, which is greater, the gold or the temple which 1asanctifies the gold?

18 And, Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the agift which is upon it, he is bound.

19 Blind men, which is greater, the gift or the altar which 1asanctifies the gift?

20 Therefore he who swears by the altar swears by it and by all the things upon it;

21 And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by Him who adwells in it;

22 And he who swears by aheaven swears by the bthrone of God and by Him who sits upon it.

23 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For ayou bgive a tenth of the mint and the anise and the cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law -- 1cjustice and dmercy and faithfulness. But these you should have done and 2not neglected the others.

24 aBlind guides, who strain out the gnat but swallow the camel!

25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For ayou bcleanse the outside of the cup and the dish, but inwardly they are full of extortion and self-indulgence.

26 Blind Pharisee, cleanse first the inside of the cup and the dish so that their outside also may become clean.

27 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you resemble awhitewashed bgraves, which outwardly appear beautiful but inwardly are full of dead men's cbones and all duncleanness.

28 So you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

29 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you abuild up the graves of the prophets and adorn the tombs of the righteous,

30 And say, If we had been there in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.

31 So then you testify against yourselves that you are the sons of those who amurdered the prophets.

32 And you, afill up the measure of your fathers!

33 Serpents! Brood of avipers! How shall you escape the judgment of bGehenna?

34 aTherefore, behold, I bsend to you 1cprophets and wise men and dscribes. Some of them you will ekill and crucify, and some of them you will fscourge in your synagogues and gpersecute from hcity to city,

35 So that upon you may come all the righteous ablood shed on the earth, from the bblood of righteous Abel to the blood of cZachariah, son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.

36 Truly I say to you, 1All these things shall come upon this ageneration.


f. Forsaking Jerusalem with Its Temple
23:37-39

37 aJerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and bstones those who are sent to her! How often 1I desired to gather your cchildren together, the way a hen gathers her brood under her dwings, and you would not!

38 Behold, your 1house is left to you 2adesolate.

39 For I say to you, You shall by no means see Me from now on until you say, aBlessed is He who 1comes in the name of the Lord.